heel spurs causes and treatment

Approximately every tenth inhabitant of the planet periodically experiences intense pain in the foot due to plantar fasciitis. This pathology is better known as heel spurs – the causes and treatment of this disease are studied by surgeons and podologists. Regardless of the factors that caused plantar fasciitis, complex therapy is being developed aimed at stopping inflammation in the foot and reducing pain.

Causes of spurs on the heels

The bony outgrowths on the heel bone, called spurs, don’t actually cause any symptoms. They are found even in healthy people, and in multiple quantities. The reason for the formation of painful spurs on the heels lies in the microfractures of the plantar fascia – an organic structure consisting of connective tissue. It is attached to the phalanges of the fingers on one side and to the calcaneus on the other. When damaged, the fascia becomes inflamed, which provokes severe pain. Then its micro-tears are overgrown, and the structure itself is shortened. Therefore, subsequent violations of the integrity of the fascia are inevitable.

Factors contributing to the development of the described process:

  • flat feet;
  • overweight;
  • violation of mineral metabolism in the body;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • chronic bruising of the calcaneus;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • thinning of the fat pad in the heel area;
  • chronic diseases of the joints;
  • ligament injuries in the foot;
  • gout;
  • circulatory disorders in the feet;
  • vascular diseases;
  • fractures;
  • intense load on the foot;
  • wearing irrational, uncomfortable shoes;
  • exhausting sports training.

Treatment of the causes and symptoms of spurs on the heels

After the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis, first of all, it is necessary to reduce the load on the affected foot. For this, the following activities are recommended:

  • bed or semi-bed rest;
  • reduction in the time of walking or staying in an upright position (standing);
  • use of tapes during the day to fix the foot;
  • the use of orthoses or brace at night;
  • wearing orthopedic shoes, insoles;
  • use of assistive devices for movement (crutches, canes).

The following is a standard conservative treatment:

1. Application of local non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with anesthetic action:

  • Dimexide;
  • ibuprofen;
  • medical bile;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Ketorol;
  • Voltaren;
  • indomethacin ointment;
  • Butadion;
  • Ketorolac;
  • Piroxicam;
  • ORTO cream “Heel spur” and others.

2. Injections with glucocorticosteroid hormones:

  • Flosteron;
  • Diprospan;
  • Kenalog.

3. Novocaine blockade:

  • procaine hydrochloride;
  • Novocain Vial or Bufus.

4. Physiotherapy:

  • radon, mud, mineral, paraffin baths;
  • phonation (vibroacoustic device “Vitafon”);
  • massage;
  • ultrasound;
  • magnetotherapy;
  • phono- and electrophoresis.

5. Gymnastics:

  • rolling the ball with the feet;
  • sorting small objects with toes;
  • foot stretch.

The most effective modern methods of treatment of plantar fasciitis are laser and shock wave therapy. They help to eliminate inflammation, pain syndrome and normalize blood circulation in soft tissues in 2-4 sessions.

Treatment of the causes and consequences of “spurs” on the heels with folk remedies

Non-traditional methods of dealing with the disease are ineffective, they only reduce the manifestations of plantar fasciitis and can only be used as an additional therapy. It is best to use folk baths (10 minutes). Before going to bed, they relax the feet well and reduce the severity of pain.

Bath recipes:

  1. Sea salt (2 tablespoons) with warm water (1 l).
  2. Chamomile decoction (1.5 l) with table salt (1 tablespoon).
  3. Soda (3 teaspoons), iodine (10 drops) with warm water (3 l).