Dentistry is a progressive branch of medicine. Every year, doctors invent new methods of therapy, improve old ones. Now dental treatment can be carried out absolutely without pain and even under general anesthesia, when the patient does not feel anything.
Modern dental treatment
Modern pain medications and improved dental technology have made it possible to treat diseased teeth without pain and fear. While going to the dentist was stressful for many in the past, with improved methods, visiting the dentist is no different from visiting other doctors. Treatment of caries is carried out, as before, by removing the affected tooth tissue, followed by the installation of a filling. However, technology has come a long way. To remove dead tissue, the dentist can now do without drilling. For this use:
- air abrasive treatment.
Laser dental treatment
Dental treatment with laser technology completely eliminates drilling. The device selectively acts on dental tissues. Under the influence of the laser, the infected tissue is completely evaporated, while the tooth cavity is disinfected at the same time. Treatment of dental caries by this method has several advantages:
- absence of pain;
- eliminating the need for anesthesia;
- prevention of secondary caries;
- lack of increased sensitivity of the teeth after the procedure.
However, like any method of therapy, laser dentistry has its drawbacks:
- the need to use special glasses by the doctor during the procedure;
- the risk of damaging small areas of the gums with a laser;
- the need for high medical qualifications.
Dental treatment with the Icon method
The treatment of caries with the Icon method assumes that there is no need for a filling. The term Icon (Ikon) is an abbreviation of the English words Infilrationconcept (the concept of infiltration). This system was developed as an alternative to the treatment of caries in the early stages – the white spot stage. An excellent technique is suitable for the treatment of the consequences of orthodontic treatment, after the removal of braces. Filling the affected tissue areas with Icon composite material seals the damaged enamel, which stops the carious process.
Among the advantages of the method, dentists distinguish:
- early termination of the carious process;
- complete preservation of healthy tissues;
- good aesthetic effect;
- lack of anesthesia;
- the possibility of treatment in one visit.
The disadvantages of the Icon method include:
- the possibility of treating only the initial tissue damage;
- high cost of the material;
- the need for qualified personnel.
Dental treatment with ozone
Treatment of caries without drilling teeth is possible by ozonation. Ozone is a strong oxidizing agent. This substance freely penetrates into the affected dental tissues, while not affecting the healthy ones in any way. After its application, there is a complete death of all pathogenic bacteria in the treatment area. This root canal treatment prevents secondary caries. At the end of the procedure, a special composition is applied to the surface of the tooth, which helps remineralization.
The advantages of ozone therapy of the tooth include:
- lack of allergic reactions;
- the speed of the procedure;
- complete sterilization;
- possibility of use in children’s practice.
The disadvantages of ozone therapy are:
- does not eliminate the need to drill the tooth;
- the possibility of using only in the early stages of caries.
Dental filling with modern photopolymer materials helps not only to achieve the desired effect, but also to maintain it for a long time. Restoring such substances, the tooth tissue acquires a high margin of safety, which is comparable to natural. With the help of photopolymers, dentists perform many procedures:
Already 2 hours after the procedure, the patient can eat. Among the main advantages of photopolymer fillings, doctors note:
- high level of strength;
- a variety of colors (the material is selected to match the color of the tooth);
- eliminates any defect;
- service life – 5-6 years.
Of the shortcomings:
- high cost of the material;
- the need for special equipment.
Prosthetics in dentistry – new technologies
Modern prosthetics in dentistry has reached such a level that often the implant does not outwardly differ from the natural tooth. Previously, patients were forced to wear stamped crowns, which not only did not look aesthetically pleasing, but also spoiled the tooth. All stages of manufacturing are fully automated, which helps to achieve high accuracy. In service with prosthetists:
- 3D design – creating an exact copy of the model of the future artificial tooth
- Software complexes for diagnostics of the oral cavity to determine the degree of readiness for prosthetics (Cadiax, Biopack).
- A 3D dental tomograph is a device that helps to determine the features of the structure and the maxillofacial region using three-dimensional images.
Dental treatment under general anesthesia
Dental treatment under anesthesia is not a common dental practice used in rare cases. General anesthesia may be required for:
- deep filling;
- removal of dental nerves;
- orthodontic operations;
- the need for extensive intervention (many teeth are treated at the same time);
- installation of implants;
- intolerance to the used painkillers.
The procedure of such dental treatment involves the complete immersion of the patient in sleep. As a result, he does not feel pain and does not remember how the procedure itself took place. The doctor gets full access to the oral cavity, while he himself plans the duration of the manipulation and its course. At the end of the anesthesia, the patient must stay in the clinic for another 1-2 hours, after which he goes home.
How can you treat your teeth at home?
In most cases, home dental treatment is limited to the elimination of severe, unbearable toothache. After her disappearance, the patient is sent to a medical facility. However, it should be noted that modern dental units have become so reduced in size, they have become mobile, so they can be used outside the dental clinic.
For self-treatment, restoration of minor injuries, doctors recommend:
- fluoride toothpastes;
- dental restorative gels;
- enrichment of the diet with foods high in vitamin D.