Bags over the eyes – the phenomenon is not so surprising. Both men and women regularly meet with him – some more often, some less often. It is not customary to pay attention to this problem. Bags over the eyes look, of course, not very attractive, but in the morning they can be masked with cosmetics, and at the end of the day the swelling will disappear by itself. Of course, no one thinks about why the eyelids swell above the eyes. And in vain – there are a lot of reasons for the appearance of bags over the eyes. And some of them can even pose a health hazard!
Why do the upper eyelids swell?
The eyeballs in the sockets are held by special fatty layers, which, in turn, are attached to a small connecting membrane. Numerous studies have helped to establish that bags over the eyes appear due to a sharp increase in the fat layer and stretching of the membrane. The latter protrudes outward, creating a swelling.
There are two main types of edema of the upper eyelid of the eye:
- Inflammatory edema is accompanied by redness and pain. Small lumps may form under the skin. Inflammatory edema occurs due to vasodilation.
- Non-inflammatory edema is painless and practically does not cause discomfort. Such swelling most often occurs in the morning. The main difference is that puffiness appears simultaneously on both eyelids. With the normalization of blood flow, non-inflammatory edema tends to resolve.
The main causes of swelling of the upper eyelid of the eye
The most common causes of bags over the eyes are as follows:
- In many people, the eyelids swell due to the growth of fat in the eye socket. This problem is transmitted at the genetic level and often manifests itself from a young age.
- If the edema is heterogeneous, and a small dot is visible in its center, the reason is most likely an insect bite.
- In some women, the cause of swelling of the upper eyelid of the eyes may be hormonal failure. Sometimes swelling appears at a certain period of the menstrual cycle and after a few days disappear by itself.
- Reactions to low-quality cosmetics or an allergy to some of its components very often manifest themselves as swelling of the eyelids. Often, the skin around the eyes reacts to tattooing in a similar way.
- Bags appear above the eyes and those who overeat salty foods the night before or drank too much liquid. In people who constantly abuse salt, edema almost never goes away.
- It happens that swelling on the upper eyelids occurs after sunbathing or a session in the solarium.
- The upper eyelids of the eyes may swell if the skin becomes less elastic and firm. The reason for this phenomenon is age.
- In some of the fair sex, bags over the eyes occur against the background of fatigue.
- Bad habits, unhealthy diet, unhealthy lifestyle – all this can also cause a problem.
Why are the eyelids still swollen above the eyes?
There are other reasons why the upper eyelids of the eyes may swell – diseases. The following ailments can provoke the appearance of bags over the eyes:
- kidney disease;
- increased intraocular pressure;
- hernia of the eyelids;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system, leading to circulatory disorders;
Before starting treatment for puffiness of the upper eyelids, you need to accurately determine the cause of the problem. In most cases, you can get rid of hated bags with the help of special ointments or drops.
How to treat infectious inflammatory diseases of the eye?
In inflammatory eye diseases of a bacterial nature, doctors recommend starting treatment immediately when the first symptoms appear. For example, ofloxacin, a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent from the group of second-generation fluoroquinolones, has proven itself well, which is embedded in the cell walls of bacteria and blocks the work of enzymes responsible for the reproduction of DNA molecules, after which the bacteria lose the ability to multiply and die. Ofloxacin is the active ingredient of the drug Floxal, which is available in the form of eye ointment and drops and has a pronounced antibacterial effect. With barley, an antibacterial ointment is applied to the inflamed area, the characteristic swelling of the eyelid, at least 3 times a day until the symptoms disappear completely, but at least 5 days even if the symptoms have disappeared earlier. With bacterial conjunctivitis (red eye with purulent discharge), drops are instilled 2-4 times a day until the symptoms disappear completely, for at least 5 days in a row.