stomatitis causes in adults

Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity can affect not only the gums, but also the tongue, the inner surface of the cheeks and lips. For the effective treatment of pathology, it is important to find out why stomatitis began – the causes of this disease in adults are varied. As a rule, it is faster to detect a factor provoking inflammatory processes by establishing the form of the disease.

Causes of allergic stomatitis in adults

This type of pathology begins in response to contact with stimuli:

  • materials from which prostheses or crowns are made;
  • substances in toothpaste or mouthwash;
  • metal braces.

It is worth noting that even materials that are considered hypoallergenic, such as gold, can cause a negative reaction.

The main causes of aphthous stomatitis in adults

This is the most common form of inflammation. It is provoked by the following factors:

  • viral and bacterial infections;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • decreased activity of the immune system;
  • allergic reactions;
  • parasitic infestations.

Causes of frequent ulcerative stomatitis in adults

Usually, the considered type of inflammatory processes develops against the background of progressive aphthous stomatitis. Other causes of pathology are:

  • insufficient or absent oral hygiene;
  • copious amounts of tartar and plaque;
  • periodontitis;
  • systemic diseases of the digestive system;
  • autoimmune diseases.

Causes of candidal stomatitis in adults

Another name for the described variety of the disease is thrush. It is caused by fungi of the genus Candida.

These microorganisms are constantly present on the mucous membranes of the mouth, representing a component of normal causes of stomatitis in adultsmicroflora. However, with a decrease in the work of the immune system or the transfer of severe infections, fungi begin to actively multiply, provoking inflammatory processes. Often there is an attachment of a bacterial lesion.

The main causes of herpetic stomatitis in adults

The presented form of pathology always appears due to the activation of the herpes virus present in the body. This can be caused by infectious diseases, allergies, hypothermia, lack of sleep, vitamin deficiencies, and even stress.

Also, herpetic stomatitis accompanies many sexually transmitted diseases.