Periodontium is called connective tissue, which is located in the space between the tooth and the bone bed in which it is located. Knowing this, it is not difficult to guess what periodontitis of the tooth is. This is a dental inflammatory disease. Because of it, the periodontium cannot perform its functions normally, and the load on the tooth begins to be distributed unevenly.
Causes of periodontitis
Most often, the disease develops due to infection. Pathogenic microorganisms can penetrate into the tissues from the root canal, or vice versa – get inside from the oral cavity. Inflammation of the periodontium can begin in anyone.
It is believed that most often the following factors lead to the development of periodontitis of ordinary teeth and wisdom teeth:
- You need to choose your dentist very carefully. In this specialist, the patient must be one hundred percent sure. Otherwise, due to incorrectly or poorly sealed root canals, inflammation may begin. The infection develops in the part that remained uncovered. Over time, if it is not treated, it goes beyond the channel, and an abscess begins. Sometimes periodontitis can appear after tooth extraction. And the reason for this is also unprofessional treatment or the use of poorly processed instruments during the operation.
- No wonder they say that toothache is unbearable. It is not only exhausting, but also dangerous. Untreated dental diseases can easily cause inflammation.
- Sometimes doctors are faced with such a phenomenon as traumatic periodontitis. It occurs as a result of mechanical damage: dislocation of the tooth, injuries of the neurovascular bundles, root fracture.
- Another non-infectious cause of periodontal disease is the negative impact of medications. In some cases, inflammation develops precisely because of the periodontal contact with too powerful antiseptics or filling materials. The drug form of the disease can also be caused by an allergic reaction.
Signs of periodontitis of the tooth
The main symptom is pain, excruciating, throbbing in nature, increasing with time and becoming unbearable when the jaw is closed. As a rule, with a periodontal abscess, pain is localized in one place and does not spread along the jaw.
To go for an x-ray to diagnose periodontitis of the teeth, you also need to see the following symptoms:
- Some patients have swollen gums. This is usually observed when the disease becomes chronic. If the puffiness is not eliminated, small festering wounds may form on the mucosa. The pain will only get worse.
- Running forms of periodontitis are accompanied by a general deterioration in well-being. The temperature rises, sleep is disturbed, there is a constant feeling of weakness.
- Sometimes there is misalignment of the teeth.
How is periodontitis treated?
The choice of direction of treatment depends on the complexity of the disease:
- If the inflammation has not yet gone too far, you can try to eliminate it therapeutically. Cleaned up first roots, and then the patient is prescribed a course of antibacterial agents. Preparations are laid directly into the channels for about a day. In chronic forms, medications can be prescribed that help restore connective tissues, and physiotherapy procedures.
- Acute abscesses that do not respond to therapeutic methods should be treated surgically. Root apex is resected. To do this, a small incision is made. Through it, infected tissues are removed. And then a suture is applied.