An effective tool that helps to stay beautiful is laser scar removal. The popularity of this procedure is gaining momentum every year. Such a reaction is a natural phenomenon, since the removal of scars by laser resurfacing gives amazing results. Defects on the skin become barely noticeable, and sometimes disappear altogether.
Can a scar be removed with a laser?
Understanding whether it is possible to completely eliminate a skin defect in this way will help knowledge of the characteristics of the epithelium. It consists of 3 layers:
- subcutaneous adipose tissue;
When the dermis is damaged, the body immediately reacts by closing the wound with a blood clot. After that, the protective system is activated and collagen begins to be intensively produced in tissue cells. It combines with a blood clot that has hardened by that time and as a result, scar tissue is formed. In its composition, it is no different from ordinary leather.
There is only a visual difference, which occurs due to the fact that collagen is built in a certain sequence in this area, and in healthy tissues it is located randomly. On the damaged area, scars are removed with a laser. The effectiveness of such a procedure depends on the type of scar that has formed on the affected surface.
What scars can be removed with a laser?
Not all traces of damage can be completely eliminated. Before removing old scars with a laser, it is determined what type of scar is. It can be of the following types:
- normotrophic – light thin scar;
- atrophic (occurs after acne);
- keloid – a kind of tubercle of dark red color;
- tightened (occurs after thermal and chemical burns);
- hypertrophic (very similar to keloid);
- Stretch marks are caused by sudden stretching of the skin.
All of these scars are treatable. In each specific case, a certain number of impacts on the damaged area is required:
- normotropic leaves for 1 procedure;
- hypertrophic – involves repeated grinding of the surface;
- atrophic – one to several courses may be needed;
- keloid – laser removal of such scars is performed using medications;
- striae – involve repeated skin resurfacing.
Scar removal – contraindications
Although laser skin resurfacing is considered a safe procedure, it also has a downside. Laser removal of scars and scars has a number of side effects. The most common of these is hyperpigmentation. Its occurrence can be prevented by protecting the skin from exposure to ultraviolet radiation during the period of scar correction.
Contraindications for laser scar removal include the following conditions:
- blood diseases;
- oncological diseases;
- skin diseases of an infectious nature;
Using a laser to remove a scar
This method of scar correction has many advantages. Laser resurfacing of scars has the following advantages:
- unique in efficiency, has no worthy alternatives;
- can be carried out even in delicate areas;
- no hospital stay required during the rehabilitation period;
- it is carried out without tissue dissection, therefore infection of open wounds is excluded;
- can be performed on any type of skin.
What kind of laser removes scars?
Since scars come in different sizes, colors and shapes, various models of equipment are used to remove them. For correction, the following types of apparatus are used:
- Erbium – provides gentle skin resurfacing. During this operation, there is a gradual evaporation of the scar layers.
- Carbon dioxide (aka carbon dioxide). This type of equipment is used very rarely as it is considered aggressive.
- Fractional – is an innovative device. It is widely used in the correction of skin defects and for anti-aging purposes.
- Impulse on dyes – perfectly copes with new scarsdiffering in a reddish tint or some other color.
- Neodymium – considered non-ablative. It acts on the inner layers of scar tissue. Some are wondering if it is possible to remove scars with a neodymium laser. The correction process consists in influencing the internal structure of the scar, which causes the defect to decrease in size, and then completely disappear.
Laser removal of facial scars
This part of the body is always in sight, so its correction requires a special approach. Laser acne scar removal is performed as follows:
- The skin is covered with an anesthetic.
- The patient and the doctor put on special goggles.
- A laser beam is directed to the scar tissue.
- A soothing agent is applied to the treated area.
Laser resurfacing of the scar after cesarean
It is necessary to get rid of such a cosmetic defect 1-2 months after the birth of the baby. If you postpone this procedure for a year, it will be almost impossible to remove it completely. Laser scar removal after cesarean involves polishing this scar. Layer by layer of connective tissue is gradually removed from its surface. At one time, getting rid of such a defect will not work.
To get the desired result, the grinding procedure must be repeated 5 to 10 times. If the skin is sensitive, a local anesthetic may be used. During the first hours after treatment, redness or slight swelling may appear in the area of the scar. Later, this area is covered with crusts that go away after a week.
How does laser scar resurfacing work?
This type of correction is cumulative. The number of procedures depends on the type and condition of the damaged area. Removal of scars and scars with a laser is performed in the following sequence:
- A special moisturizing cream with an anesthetic effect is applied to the damaged area.
- There is a direct laser removal of scars. The duration of this procedure varies from 5 to 60 minutes. During this resurfacing, only keratinized tissues are removed, young cells remain intact and unharmed.
- A panthenol-containing ointment is applied to the treated area. This medication helps to speed up tissue healing.
After polishing, the patient can go home: he does not need to stay for some period in the hospital. Where the skin was treated with a laser, small crusts appear in a day. They should dry out and fall off on their own. The specialist who performed the scar removal will tell the patient how to properly care for the laser-treated area of the body. If you follow all the recommendations, there will be no complications.
How to care for a scar after laser resurfacing?
The recovery period lasts from 3 to 5 days. If laser resurfacing of the scar on the face was performed, cosmetics should not be used at this time. There are other guidelines to follow to avoid complications. These include the following tips:
- In the first week, visits to saunas and swimming pools, as well as intensive sports are prohibited.
- The skin where laser scar removal was performed should be treated with an antiseptic (Chlorhexidine) and coated with Panthenol.
- In the first 5-6 weeks after the procedure, it is necessary to protect the surface from direct sunlight.
If the removal of acne scars with a laser is performed correctly, but the patient has neglected the recommendations of a specialist, complications may occur. These include the following events:
Laser scar removal – when to expect the result?
Only a specialist can recommend a certain number of sessions. It takes into account the characteristics of scar tissue. Laser facial scar removal can be completed in 3-6 treatments. However, you can see the first effect already a week after the first polishing. A second course of correction, if necessary, can be prescribed in a month. Grinding promises amazing results. Here is what laser scar removal looks like – photos before and after the procedure convince of this.