Traditionally, proper facial skin care is carried out according to the “cleansing – toning – nutrition” scheme, where the tonic is responsible for the second stage. This tool has a consistency similar to water and is applied to the face with a cotton pad. Many women neglect the “toning” step by applying cream to their face immediately after washing. Today we will find out why you really need a facial tonic, and how to use this tool.
Types of tonics
All tonics presented on the shelves of cosmetics stores can be classified into three groups:
- refreshing – alcohol-free, mild formula suitable for dry and extremely sensitive skin.
- Tonic – contain a small amount of alcohol, focused on combination and normal skin.
- Astringents – are distinguished by a rich formula, a significant content of alcohol and antiseptic components. This tonic is suitable for problematic facial skin – very oily and prone to inflammation.
Obviously, which facial tonic to choose depends on the type of skin and, of course, on the effect that the product gives.
How to use face tonic
As noted above, the tonic is applied to the skin after washing. For this purpose, a soft cotton pad is used, although some cosmetologists advise applying the product directly with the fingertips, gently tapping them on the skin.
Tonic is designed to:
- remove the remnants of soap components (if cleaning was carried out using “washers”) or a greasy film (if milk was used);
- restore the acid-base balance, disturbed in the process of washing off sebum along with impurities;
- close the pores, preparing the skin for the next stage – nutrition.
Toning is necessary for the skin at any age. If you don’t have a soul for purchased cosmetics, homemade face tonics will help out, the only drawback of which is a short shelf life (2-4 days in the refrigerator, in a closed dark container).
How to make a facial tonic?
There are many recipes for making tonic at home – we will consider the most affordable ones.
- Green tea (without flavorings and additives) in the amount of two spoons is poured with boiling water (200 ml). When the tea has cooled, it must be strained. In its purest form, this homemade facial toner is suitable for normal skin types; with the addition of 1/2 tablespoon of olive oil – for the dry type; with the addition of 1 tablespoon of fresh lemon juice – for oily skin.
- Medicinal herbs (mint, chamomile, lavender, calendula – a tablespoon of each raw material) is brewed in 400 ml of very hot water. When the infusion has cooled, it should be filtered. This homemade toner can be used on both oily and combination/normal skin types. For dry skin, an infusion of lime blossom, prepared according to the same scheme, is suitable.
- From fresh grapes (1 cup) juice is squeezed out. A pinch of salt and 1 teaspoon of honey is taken for 1/2 cup. The components are mixed, let the product brew for 1 hour. This tonic is useful for dry skin types.
- Citrus Facial tonic can cope with excessive oily skin. It can be prepared from lemon (2 parts) and orange (1 part) juice, as well as 100 ml of milk. The ingredients are mixed, steamed up to 75 – 80⁰С and cooled.
What else to replace facial tonic?
An alternative to purchased cosmetics will be rose water – a product that has passed the centuries-old test of the beauties of all countries. To prepare such a “tonic”, you will need 4 handfuls of scarlet rose petals and mineral water (for normal / oily skin) or high-quality olive oil (for dry type).
The petals are poured with liquid so that it covers them completely, and the future rose water is put on a low fire. Boil until the petals have completely lost their color. After cooling and straining, the product is ready.