Facial cleansing - 7 effective salon procedures and home methods

To rid the skin of toxins, cleanse pores, smooth wrinkles, accelerate cell regeneration – all this can be done by facial cleansing. Today it is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures, which not only relieves dermatological problems, but also restores youth to the face.

When is a Facial Cleansing Needed?

when you need a facial

With contaminated skin, immunity suffers, plugs clog the sebaceous glands, which prevents the outflow of sebum. Facial cleansing eliminates comedones, helps the skin to breathe, removes the stratum corneum. There are in the arsenal of cosmetologists and tools that cope with dermatological diseases.

Facial cleansing is recommended for:

  • black dots;
  • enlarged or clogged pores;
  • acne
  • acne;
  • poor skin tone.

Cosmetologists advise taking care of the skin from adolescence, it is worth resorting to cleaning, after 25-30 years, when the synthesis of substances slows down, the endocrine glands work worse. Therefore, it is important to restore tissue protection, stimulate blood circulation and metabolism. It is recommended to do it once a month.


  • purulent skin diseases;
  • herpes;
  • dermatitis;
  • eczema;
  • diabetes;
  • epilepsy;
  • asthma.

It is strictly forbidden to clean the hardware of the face – ultrasound and laser – in the presence of pacemakers, as well as in diseases:

  • oncological;
  • cardiovascular;
  • endocrine.

Daily facial cleansing

Daily facial cleansing is considered by cosmetologists to be the same necessary procedure as brushing your teeth, timely care helps to get rid of many possible problems. Those who live in cities should soften the water with baking soda or use bottled water, which is hard on the skin.

When choosing products, you need to consider the type of skin:

  • for oily – gel structures;
  • for normal or mixed type – foam;
  • for dry – milk, soft creams, oils for washing.

Another atraumatic facial cleansing includes tonics, they cleanse the skin, help creams penetrate deeper. We must not forget to take care of the skin around the eyes, apply a moisturizer during the day, and in the evening – a product that smoothes wrinkles. Once a week, deep clean the tissues with scrubs, peels.

Clay masks with tea tree oil have a good effect on cleansing the skin. Beauticians recommend:

  1. Make masks from a mixture of herbs of calendula, chamomile and St. John’s wort.
  2. Remove acne with tincture of calendula, but for dry skin, procedures should be carried out no more than 2-3 times a week.
  3. Scrubs with fruit pits should not be used on sensitive skin.

Deep facial cleansing

deep cleansing of the skin

The upper epithelium has the ability to die off, if it is not cleaned off, the pores become clogged. Therefore, a deep cleansing of the pores of the face is periodically needed, the frequency depends on the condition of the skin. For rashes and acne, this procedure is carried out once every 10-14 days, for oily skin – once every 2 weeks, normal and dry skin is enough once a month. In addition to cosmetics, you also need a brush to cleanse your face, then the procedure will be more effective.

How to conduct:

  1. Remove makeup residue and dirt with a cleanser.
  2. Steam your face to open up pores.
  3. Peel off the dead layer.
  4. Apply a cleansing mask.
  5. Lubricate with a moisturizer, make a light massage.

Facial cleaning at home

For women with sensitive or dry skin, it is better to go to the salon, because for them, facial cleansing at home requires experience. There are certain recommendations on how to do the procedure correctly, in the evening the scheme requires: makeup removal, washing, toning, moisturizing. The neck is also desirable to capture.

Competent facial cleansing – valuable tips:

  1. For oily skin, first wash with warm, then cold water. You need to steam it twice a week for 20 minutes, for normal it is enough 1 time for 10 minutes, dry procedure is required twice a week for 5 minutes.
  2. Useful for face masks based on clay with the addition of fruits and vegetables. For oily and combined, juices of lemon, pomegranate, apple are suitable, for normal – a mixture of raw carrots with cornmeal and honey, for dry, you need to mix sour cream, honey and bananas.

Skin cleansers

skin cleansers

Facial cleansing will be effective if done on time. Cleansing gels are needed twice a day, morning and evening, scrub – 1-2 times a week, a mask for cleansing pores – no more than 3 times in 7 days. It is important to study the packaging so that it does not contain harmful substances, these are animal fats, bentonite, glycol, gluten.

How to choose the right tool:

  • for oily and mixed skin types, degreasing foam, mousse, scrub and tonic are needed;
  • for dry it is better to buy cleansing milk or oil;
  • for normal skin – gel, micellar water, milk.

What tools are for what? Cosmetics for cleaning are divided into the following types:

  1. Foam. Creamy remedy.
  2. Mousse – foamy, for washing.
  3. Gels. They form less foam, work like foams and mousses.
  4. Lotion. Removes dirt and grease.
  5. Milk. You can not rinse, remove with a swab.
  6. Scrub. Deep cleaning agent.
  7. Peeling. Helps to clean off the dead layer of cells, can not be used around the eyes, applied to steamed skin.

Stages of skin cleansing

It is much easier and more convenient to entrust the work of cleaning the skin to cosmetologists, the face is treated with special preparations, using modern technology. The stages of skin cleansing are designed taking into account all the characteristics of tissues, the age of patients, the condition of the epithelium. Traces of impact are almost imperceptible, which is especially valuable.

How they work with the face in the salon:

  1. Makeup removal. Apply cleanser and tonic.
  2. antiseptic treatment.
  3. Softening of the top layer. Vaporization is carried out using special gels.
  4. Hardware cleaning – brossazh or ultrasound.
  5. Mechanical cleaning – deep cleansing.
  6. Hardware polishing.
  7. Mask that removes redness, narrows the pores.
  8. Creams soothing or anti-inflammatory.

Facial cleaning in the salon

Many people think that salon procedures completely replace a scrub, but this is not so. Such a tool works to cleanse the pores, but removes only the upper stratum corneum, and does not cope with acne and enlarged pores. The salon offers different types of procedures, the beautician will help the patient choose the right one.

Recommended types of cleansing:

  1. Mechanical. A tough extrusion procedure, the beautician steams the skin and manually removes blackheads.
  2. Vacuum. From the depths of the pores, the apparatus sucks out impurities.
  3. Ultrasonic. High-frequency vibrations eliminate dead cells and small rashes.
  4. Chemical. It is carried out using special preparations: acid to expand the pores, then a mask for deep cleansing and a soothing cream.
  5. Combined. Combine elements of all kinds, the effectiveness is an order of magnitude higher.

Mechanical face cleaning

mechanical cleaning of the face

The simplest is mechanical cleaning of the face by a beautician, it is also called manual or manual. It is prescribed when it is necessary to remove inflamed pimples, milia, deep black spots, cope with acne, it is recommended for women with oily skin and enlarged pores. The method is old, a beautician works with the face manually.

Features of the procedure:

  1. The face is steamed to open the pores.
  2. The doctor squeezes out the contents with his fingers.
  3. Darsonval is carried out – healing physiotherapy to extinguish inflammation.
  4. It is recommended to carry out at least 1 time in 3 months.

Vacuum face cleaning

vacuum cleaning of the face

The second effective method is vacuum, when a special facial cleansing device is used, it creates negative pressure and sucks out impurities, dead cells. Less painful, but not suitable for problematic and oily skin, because it does not cope with deep comedones – black dots.

It helps well in removing skin plugs, smoothing the skin, and can be included in a complex method when the face is cleaned from black dots on the chin and wings of the nose. At the same time, lymphatic drainage of the skin takes place, blood circulation improves, and its tone increases. It is recommended to carry out 3-4 times a year.


  • dry skin;
  • rosacea;
  • pustular eruptions.

Ultrasonic face cleaning

uz facial cleansing

In the salon there is also an apparatus for ultrasonic facial cleansing, with a special maniple, the device vibrates under the influence of waves, pushing out sebaceous plugs and dirt. Tangible advantages – no need to steam the skin, it is less injured. It is prescribed if patients have enlarged pores, the skin is flaky. It is recommended to carry out 4 times a year.


  • pregnancy;
  • lactation;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • inflammation of the optic nerve;
  • exacerbation of infectious diseases;
  • purulent rash or foci of inflammation on the face.

Laser face cleaning

laser face cleaning

Among the popular ones is laser acne facial cleansing, which works on the principle of ultrasonic, but acts with a light beam, not sound. It is prescribed for porous, oily, problem skin, acne, acne. The course includes 3-4, you need to carry out 1 time per week. Blood circulation improves, collagen is synthesized.

To keep the effect for a long time, appoint from 2 to 8 procedures, with a break of 2-3 weeks. For prevention, it is ideal – 1 time in 1.5 months.

Also, such facial cleansing helps:

  • remove greasy shine, improve the functioning of the glands;
  • eliminate shallow acne;
  • get rid of scars, scars, acne marks;
  • tighten the oval of the face.


  • infectious diseases;
  • epilepsy;
  • pregnancy;
  • diabetes;
  • dry skin;
  • age up to 25 years.

Chemical cleaning of the face

chemical cleaning of the face

Radiant and even skin is guaranteed by chemical peeling, which can be carried out 3-4 times a month. They use peels on glycolic, salicylic, fruit acids, they remove the upper, keratinized layer, dissolve sebaceous plugs and narrow pores. Recommended for smoothing wrinkles, improving complexion.

Contraindications to the procedure:

  • inflammation on the face;
  • injuries, scratches;
  • allergy to peeling components;
  • severe skin sensitivity.

Facial disincrustation

facial disincrustation

There is also such a procedure as deincrustation – galvanic cleaning. They clean the pores and remove sebaceous plugs with the help of electric current and special preparations. Does not cause pain, ideal for sensitive skin. It is prescribed in the presence of comedones, sebum, skin seborrhea, acne.

Contraindications to the procedure:

  • oncology;
  • mental illness;
  • skin diseases;
  • pregnancy;
  • metal implants;
  • dry and thin skin;
  • current intolerance.

Combined facial cleansing

The pores on the face are always cleansed, taking into account its condition and type, concomitant diseases, often cosmetologists recommend combined cleaning. It includes all existing methods, which guarantees a strong effect. Inflammation is removed, skin plugs, peeling disappear, the skin breathes better, acquires freshness.

How do facial cleansing with this method:

  1. Remove the upper, keratinized layer.
  2. Remove comedones, acne, pimples.
  3. The skin is cleansed of toxins.
  4. Soothe the skin with masks.