Locoid – This is a remedy for external use, which has anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, anti-edematous and antipruritic effects.
The Lokoid series of products is presented in three forms:
- Ointment – has the most pronounced effect, because due to the dense oily texture it lingers in the skin for a longer time.
- Cream – used for external use, more convenient than ointment, because it does not leave greasy spots on the skin and is quickly absorbed.
- Emulsion and lotion – relevant for the treatment of acute inflammation on the skin.
Locoid lipocream is prescribed by doctors for the treatment of affected areas on the skin of the face, since it does not clog the sebaceous glands and does not lead to the formation of acne.
Ingredients of Lokoid cream
Lokoid is a hormonal cream, since its active ingredient is hydrocortisone, a synthetic analogue of the adrenal hormone. An additional substance that ensures a long shelf life of the cream is polyethylene oleogel.
Pharmacological properties of Locoid Lipocrem
Lokoid cream acts as it accumulates in the affected area. The systematic use of the cream leads to a stable effect, but it is advisable to use this remedy for no more than 14 days, since hormonal medications become addictive.
Antipruritic action of Locoid Lipocream
Lipo-cream Lokoid helps relieve itching, and although its effect is much weaker than antihistamines, nevertheless, this ability of hydrocortisone is useful for the treatment of dermatitis of various etiologies.
Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of lipo-cream Lokoid
This cream, due to the presence of hydrocortisone in the composition, relieves inflammation, which is carried out by blocking leukocytes and macrophages, which are formed at the site of inflammation. This property of the cream also has a downside – in this way immunity is suppressed, and therefore this cream is strictly not recommended for use on areas infected with bacteria and viruses.
Anti-edematous effect of Lokoid cream
This cream helps to relieve swelling due to the action of hydrocortisone – it reduces the permeability of capillaries, which occurs when histamine is released. It also inhibits the formation of collagen and fibroblasts.
Lokoid cream – instructions
The cream is intended for topical application – skin treatment. The number of times to use the cream per day is limited to 3.
It must be applied in a thin layer on the skin with gentle massaging movements, and then allowed to absorb. When the cream gives the desired effect, the frequency of use is reduced to several times a week.
To enhance the effect of the cream, occlusive dressings are used – this is especially true in the treatment of keratinized psoriatic plaques that have arisen in the knees and elbows.
Indications for the use of Locoid cream
Lokoid-cream is used to treat subacute and chronic skin diseases of a non-infectious nature:
- insect bite sites.
Contraindications to the use of Locoid cream
Among the contraindications to the use of Locoid, there are the following pathologies and conditions:
- pregnancy and lactation;
- tuberculous or syphilitic skin lesions;
- fungal skin infections;
- condition after vaccination;
- allergic reaction to the active substance;
- parasitic skin infections.
Cream Lokoid – analogues
Laticort is a remedy that is an actual analogue not only in terms of the mode of action of Lokoid, but also in composition. The rest of the medicines are analogues of Lokoid in terms of the mode of action:
- Powercourt – cream;
- Cloveit – cream and ointment;
- Afloderm – ointment and cream;
- Dermovate – cream and ointment.