The appearance of brown spots on the body in medicine is commonly called hyperpigmentation. In the upper layers of the skin of any person, melanocytes are located – these are special cells responsible for the synthesis of the dark pigment melatonin. The latter serves to protect the skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation. The phenomenon when the process of melatonin synthesis is disturbed for one reason or another, and the pigment is produced in excess, is called hyperpigmentation.
Varieties of brown age spots on the body
Brown age spots can be of different sizes and appear on all parts of the body. Specialists distinguish several main types of stains. Among them:
- common moles or nevi;
- borderline nevi;
- complex non-vocal nevi;
- intradermal nevi;
- Mongolian spots;
- spots of the color of coffee with milk;
- seborrheic warts;
- malignant melanomas.
Most of these brown spots on the body do not pose a health hazard. They are on the skin from birth or appear as a result of natural aging, and basically all disappear by themselves after some time. But there are also such spots – such as, for example, malignant melanoma – that require urgent treatment. Dangerous spots are often accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: itching, burning, pain, so it is not so difficult to recognize them.
Why do brown spots appear on the body?
The skin is able to respond to any changes that occur in the body. In many people, dark spots form on the background of stress or severe overwork.
The most common causes of brown spots on the body are the following:
- Hyperpigmentation develops on the background of prolonged exposure to the sun. Thus, the body tries to protect the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays.
- Sometimes small brown spots on the body become a consequence of the use of certain medications.
- In many girls, spots on the skin appear as a result of hormonal failure. Most often, expectant mothers suffer from this misfortune on the eve of childbirth and after them.
- The appearance of brown spots on the body can be a symptom of Cushing’s and Addison’s syndromes. These diseases are associated with a malfunction of the adrenal glands. Very often, with syndromes, spots on the skin flake off and cause discomfort with itching.
- Dark red-brown spots on the body that appear on the skin at the site of a burn or blister are quite normal. As soon as the skin fully recovers from injury, the spots disappear by themselves.
- Brown spots concentrated on the neck and arms most likely indicate versicolor versicolor. If the diagnosis is correct, then upon contact with iodine, the spots become even brighter.
- Do not forget about the genetic predisposition. Very often, barely noticeable brown freckles are inherited by children from their parents.
How to get rid of brown spots on the body?
Treatment for brown spots depends on what caused them to form. Often they disappear on their own. The only thing a person can do in such a situation is to speed up the stain removal process using special whitening creams and lotions.
If desired, brown spots can be removed using modern laser therapy methods or using liquid nitrogen. Chemical peeling is also considered an effective procedure.
With spots-symptoms of diseases, everything is much more complicated. To remove them, complex drug and chemotherapy courses can be used.