Basma is a natural dye in the form of a grayish powder made from indigo leaves. Due to the content of biologically active substances in basma, it is widely used in cosmetology for both coloring and hair treatment.
Basma hair coloring
Attention! Basma powder is used only in combination with another dye – henna, coffee, etc. Pure basma gives a gray-green color that is fixed on the hair for a long time.
Basma coloring in combination with henna allows you to get a wide range of tones – from reddish-blond to blue-black.
There are two technologies for dyeing hair with these natural pigments:
- Simultaneous coloring: henna and basma are mixed together and applied to the hair.
- Sequential dyeing: first henna is applied, after washing it off and drying the hair, basma is dyed.
The result of both technologies is approximately the same, but masters often prefer consistent coloring.
Preparing for painting
Before you breed basma and henna, you should prepare:
- porcelain or glass container;
- wooden or porcelain stick;
- wide brush;
- old towel;
- plastic cap;
- polyethylene cape on the shoulders;
- rubber gloves;
- cotton wool;
- comb with sparse teeth.
Before applying the paint, the skin on the forehead and temples must be smeared with cream. The shoulders should be carefully covered with a cape, and the place where the procedure will be carried out should be cleaned of rags – towels, bathrobes, etc. It is very difficult to remove basma and henna from the fabric, the dye also remains on the skin, so gloves are indispensable. Before dyeing your hair with basma and henna, especially if this is your first experience, it is advisable to purchase a few more bags of pigment – if the color fails, it can be corrected without leaving home.
Basma and henna powder is poured into prepared porcelain dishes. For medium length hair, you will need 2 bags, for longer hair – 4-6.
The resulting color will depend on the proportion of dyes. Equal parts give a rich chestnut tone, the ratio of basma and henna 2:1 is black, and 1:2 is bronze. The more intensely you want to dye your hair, the more basma you need to add to the mixture.
The powder is mixed in the required proportion and poured with hot water (no more than 80 ° C, because henna loses its coloring properties in boiling water), carefully kneading the lumps and stirring. The consistency of the paint should resemble thick sour cream. To make the gruel lie more evenly on the hair, you can add a spoonful of glycerin or olive oil to the mixture.
It is better to paint with basma and henna, as a rule, after washing and drying your hair in the following sequence.
- Warm (40-50 ° C) paint is distributed over the hair, starting from the back of the head. You need to act as quickly as possible so that the mixture does not have time to cool.
- Comb the hair with a wide comb so that the gruel is evenly distributed.
- They put on a plastic cap, placing a cotton swab soaked in cream under its edges, which will prevent the paint from draining onto the forehead.
- A towel is wrapped on top of the head – the dyeing process is best done in warmth.
Depending on the desired shade, the coloring time ranges from 20 minutes to 2 hours. The longer the mixture is on the hair, the richer the tone will be, which you determined by the proportions of the pigments.
Wash off the gruel with warm water without shampoo and conditioner. The final color appears in a day, and the hair acquires a natural structure only after the first wash, so it is not recommended to dye your hair with basma before a responsible event.
In this case, the hair is first dyed only with henna. Then you should prepare basma, as described above, but taking into account the fact that its pigment is not afraid of boiling water, therefore the gruel can be additionally heated. The mixture is applied to washed and dried hair from henna, hold:
- 20 min – to get a light brown color;
- 1-1.5 hours – for chestnut;
- 2 hours – for black.
The head may not be covered. Shampoo should not be used after coloring for 3 days.