Stomatitis - treatment in adults, effective drugs for all types of diseases

The inflammatory process in the oral mucosa is more common in children. This is due to the violation of hygiene rules. However, under certain conditions, stomatitis also occurs in adults. There are many reasons for it, and in many ways they directly determine the type of inflammation.

Stomatitis – causes and treatment in adults

Stomatitis is commonly referred to as inflammation of the oral mucosa, which occurs as a response to various types of irritants. Spicy, hot food, pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, inflammation of the nasopharynx and teeth in most cases act as a provoking factor. Depending on this, the following types of stomatitis are distinguished:

  • catarrhal;
  • aphthous;
  • viral;
  • bacterial;
  • allergic;
  • fungal.

According to doctors, stomatitis is more often observed in children, but recently cases have become more frequent in adults. Doctors attribute this to the deterioration of the general environmental situation, the decrease in the body’s defenses in the population. All this provokes the development of inflammation of the oral mucosa.

Causes of stomatitis in adults

Before starting an effective treatment of the disease, it is necessary to accurately establish the possible causes of stomatitis. The nature of the prescribed therapy, its intensity and duration directly depend on the type of pathogen. According to medical practice, in most cases stomatitis in adults is caused by the following reasons:

  1. Systemic pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (ulcer, dysbacteriosis, colitis).
  2. Decreased immunity.
  3. Mechanical injuries of the gums, buccal mucosa with dentures.
  4. Chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, the presence in the oral cavity of a large number of bacteria, viruses, fungus.
  5. hereditary factor.
  6. Depression of the nervous system, stress, anxiety.
  7. Lack of vitamins.

It is customary to identify provoking factors, the presence of which increases the risk of inflammation:

effective remedies for stomatitis

Stomatitis – clinical recommendations

To get rid of the disease, the patient must follow a number of recommendations and prescriptions of doctors. In each case, specialists individually select drugs for stomatitis. Initially, doctors try to eliminate provoking factors, which will increase the effectiveness of the therapy. For a quick recovery, patients use:

  • ointments;
  • tablets;
  • antiseptic solutions for rinsing.

In complex treatment, it is important to observe oral hygiene and maintain it at the required level. For this, healing, antiseptic solutions are used. In severe cases, and for the speedy healing of numerous ulcers, laser therapy may be required. The procedure is painless and helps to quickly get rid of stomatitis.

The best medicines for stomatitis

Each case is individual, so even experienced doctors do not undertake to name the most effective remedy. Each patient requires an individual approach. This takes into account age, the presence of concomitant pathologies, the severity of symptoms and the type of pathogen. Only after determining the type of disease, its causes, it is possible to choose effective remedies for stomatitis.

Aphthous stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

When stomatitis is diagnosed, treatment in adults, effective drugs are selected according to the cause of the disease. Aphthous stomatitis is accompanied by the appearance of small round sores on the surface of the mucous membrane. Against this background, the patient has an increase in temperature, an increase in regional lymph nodes. As a result, at the initial stage, stomatitis can be mistaken for an infection. Treatment of aphthous stomatitis is carried out using a variety of drugs:

  • antiseptic solutions (for healing and drying of sores): Miramistin, Furacilin, Lugol;
  • painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs: Metrogil Denta, Kamistad gel.

Catarrhal stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

The most common form of stomatitis. It is characterized by painful edema of the mucous membrane, it responds well to treatment in the early stages of the disease. Unpleasant smell, increased salivation, individual foci in the form of gray spots. If left untreated, the tongue may swell, the mucous membrane becomes brown. Speech is difficult, breathing is disturbed.

If you do not use remedies for stomatitis in the mouth in adults, the disease quickly becomes chronic. To avoid this, to eliminate stomatitis, treatment in adults, effective drugs use the following:

  1. Hexoral – antiseptic for local use, has a wide spectrum of action, effective against fungi, bacteria.
  2. Decatylene – used to treat stomatitis of bacterial origin, even mixed forms.
  3. Givalex – antifungal and antibacterial agent. It comes in the form of a spray, which makes it easy to use.
  4. stomatofit – is made using natural ingredients, can be used as an antiseptic for any type of stomatitis.
  5. Romazulan – infusion of chamomile, can be used for children.
  6. Vinylin – from stomatitis helps adults and children.

causes of stomatitis

Viral stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

Viral forms of the disease are provoked by herpes viruses. The patient has the appearance of bubbles on the lips, which eventually pass to the mucous membrane of the cheeks. Bursting, they leave behind long-term non-healing erosion. They cause pain, discomfort, itching and burning. Treatment of herpetic stomatitis is carried out in a complex manner, using the following medicines:

  1. Antiseptics for rinsing the mouth: Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Furacilin.
  2. Painkillers of local action: Holisal from stomatitis.
  3. Antiviral (act directly on the cause of the disease): Aciclovir, Famciclovir. They show high efficiency within 72 hours from the moment the first symptoms appear.

Bacterial stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

To eliminate stomatitis, treatment in adults, effective drugs must be used immediately after the first signs appear. The formation of ulcers on the surface of the buccal mucosa, tongue is the result of exposure to bacteria that are always present in the mouth. However, a decrease in immune forces leads to their rapid reproduction, provoking the development of stomatitis. Treatment of bacterial stomatitis is carried out using the following drugs:

  • antibiotics: Erythromycin, Sumamed, Ecoclave, Tetracycline;
  • immunomodulators: Wobenzym, Ergoferon, Polyoxidonium;
  • antiseptics: Oracept, Hexoral, hydrogen peroxide 2%.

Candidiasis stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

This type of stomatitis is more common in children. However, in adults, under certain circumstances, candidiasis stomatitis is possible. Decreased immunity, impaired oral hygiene, oral sex often provoke the disease. Its characteristic symptom is a white coating on the surface of the cheeks and tongue. The basis of therapy for this disease are antifungal agents. When diagnosing candidal stomatitis, the following drugs are used for treatment:

  • antifungal: Nystatin, Candide;
  • antiseptic: Miramistin, Furacilin;
  • anti-inflammatory: Holisal.

drugs for stomatitis

Allergic stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

You can eliminate stomatitis of allergic origin by eliminating the effect of the allergen. For this purpose, complex tests are carried out to clarify the type of allergic agent. By eliminating foods that provoke the development of a reaction from the diet, it is possible to avoid the progression of the disease. However, until the results of the samples are received, doctors carry out symptomatic treatment. In this case, the following medicines for stomatitis in the mouth in adults are used:

  • antihistamines: Loratadin, Tavegil, Tsetrin;
  • antiseptic solutions: Chlorhexidine, Furacilin;
  • wound healing (with ulcers): decoctions of chamomile, sage.

Chronic stomatitis – treatment in adults, effective drugs

In the absence of treatment in the acute phase, the disease becomes chronic. In this case, the damage is cell-mediated. Predisposing factors for the development of chronic stomatitis include:

  • injuries of the oral mucosa;
  • stressful situations;
  • consumption of large amounts of coffee, peanuts, cereals, strawberries, tomatoes, cheese.

To eliminate stomatitis, treatment in adults, effective drugs use the following:

  • antiseptic solutions: Chlorhexidine, Miramistin;
  • local glucocorticosteroids: Dexamethasone, Clobetasol, Fluocinonide.