Removal of tartar by ultrasound - how is the procedure carried out?

Such a cleaning method as the removal of tartar by ultrasound appeared about 20 years ago and over time has gained great popularity. When it became known that ultrasound is capable of destroying bacteria, this discovery was immediately adopted by dentists, and very successfully. A directed flow of ultrasonic waves quickly destroys growths on the teeth without touching the enamel, which is especially valuable for the patient’s health.

Tartar – what is it?

The definition of tartar in humans is simple, it is a hardened plaque or biofilm that forms on the surface of the teeth from food, calcium, phosphorus and iron salts. More often occurs on the lower jaw, such stones are distinguished by a yellow or brownish color. They are found both outside and inside the gums.

Stones on the teeth – reasons

stones on teeth

Tartar is created gradually, at first soft plaque accumulates in places where the teeth are poorly cleaned of food, then it is saturated with mineral components and hardens. Then the removal of tartar by ultrasound is required, the smaller the growths, the easier it is to remove them. Because this pathogenic biofilm has the ability to grow, sliding into the gum groove, which complicates the removal process.

What are the causes of tartar?

  • poor cleaning of teeth;
  • a large amount of soft food;
  • failure of metabolism and salt balance;
  • incorrect position of the teeth;
  • fillings and braces.

How dangerous is tartar?

Although pathogenic biofilms do not cause inconvenience, except for the ugly shade of the teeth, they still pose a certain health hazard. Doctors especially emphasize how harmful tartar is, it provokes inflammation in the mouth, as it provides excellent conditions for the reproduction of pathogenic organisms. If this plaque is not removed, the teeth will begin to decay.

What does tartar lead to?

  1. Caries – as a complication, when microfilm viruses soften the enamel and corrode the dentin.
  2. Gingivitis – inflammation of the gums. It is provoked by treponema, which is formed in solid deposits.
  3. periodontal disease – inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth. Caused by pathogens of hard deposits, the disease manifests itself in bleeding gums after brushing the teeth and bad breath.
  4. Lung diseases. It is not uncommon for bacteria to enter the bronchial tree through the trachea.
  5. Diseases of the genitourinary system. As a focus of infection, dental deposits can provoke cystitis and pyelonephritis, when viruses enter the kidneys with blood.

What destroys tartar?

Many patients refuse to remove tartar with ultrasound for fear of harmful radiation. Dentists assure that there is no harm from this procedure, but even such fears should not interfere with dental care. With crowns and braces, it is recommended to use an irrigator, it cleans plaque in hard-to-reach places.

In search of what dissolves tartar, you should pay attention to the special tools that are included in toothpastes:

  • abrasives – polish the surface of the teeth;
  • pyrophosphates, zinc compounds – inhibit the growth of bacteria;
  • triclosan – destroys pathogens;
  • herbal ingredients – soften hard plaque;
  • fluorine – strengthens enamel, prevents caries from developing.

If a stone often forms on the teeth, you should give preference to such pastes:

  1. Lacalut White. Contains pyrophosphates, fluorides, abrasives.
  2. President White Plus. Includes calcium glycerophosphate, abrasives.
  3. sea ​​fresh. In the composition – sea minerals, algae, aloe, grapefruit seed extract, which help remove soft plaque, relieve inflammation.

How is ultrasonic cleaning performed?

At the present time, cleaning teeth from tartar with ultrasound is carried out in all dental clinics. This procedure removes pathogenic microfilms not only from the teeth, but also under the gums, and sanitizes the entire oral cavity. Vibration fluctuations range from 16 to 45 thousand Hz, the amplitude is regulated by the doctor.

How is the procedure:

  1. Ultrasound breaks tartar into dust.
  2. It is collected with a mouth “vacuum cleaner”.
  3. Rinse the enamel with clean water.
  4. Grind and polish teeth with abrasive pastes.

Teeth cleaning with ultrasound – does it hurt or not?

There is an opinion among patients that the removal of tartar by ultrasound is painful, since pathogenic growths have to be picked out from the gums. There were such sensations when the stones were cleaned with sharp curettes, they touched the enamel and soft tissues. There is no pain during ultrasound treatment, the maximum that is felt is discomfort when cleaning the gum pocket. If the enamel is thin and too sensitive, local anesthesia is used to relieve pain, or the teeth are covered with a special compound, which is washed off after the procedure.

Removal of tartar by ultrasound at home

Dentists advise removing hard tartar with ultrasound 1-2 times a year. If growths form too quickly – every 3 months. Similar recommendations apply to people suffering from periodontal disease. It is necessary to carry out such a cleaning and for patients who are planning dentures or veneers, such devices should not be installed on calculus-affected teeth.

A good alternative to the hardware procedure is considered by dentists to remove tartar with an ultrasonic brush. You can set the soft mode for sensitive gums or intensive – at a frequency of 18 thousand movements per minute. Sound waves break the stone, and the bristles clean off the remnants of this dust. Tips for using this brush:

  1. No need to press hard on the product, clean in the same way as usual.
  2. Since ultrasound propagates in water, you need to wet the brush, add a little bit of paste, the foam will interfere.
  3. Set the timer for 3 minutes, with a breakdown of 30 seconds, in order to change the treated area in pauses.

Dental cleaning with ultrasound

When the curettes, which removed up to 25 microns of dental tissue, damaging the enamel, were replaced by an ultrasonic dental cleaning device, the procedure was greatly simplified. Thanks to the settings of the technique, the tissue is removed no more than 0.1 microns, which is completely safe for patients. Not only plaque disappears, but subgingival bacterial deposits disappear.

Advantages of ultrasonic cleaning:

  • does not touch the enamel;
  • cleans the surface from bacteria;
  • removes bad breath;
  • brightens teeth by a couple of tones.

What to do after ultrasonic teeth cleaning?

Proper care also includes procedures after brushing your teeth with ultrasound, because you want to keep the feeling of freshness longer. It is important to brush your teeth properly, the brush should be held at an angle of 45 ° C relative to the gum line. You can periodically clean with a paste of fruits or vegetables rich in vitamin C, such as lemon, strawberries, tomatoes. You need to knead the product, apply it on your teeth and hold for 5 minutes, then rinse your mouth with a solution of soda.

How to care for your teeth in the first days – recommendations after the removal of tartar by ultrasound:

  1. Brush your teeth after every meal, at least 2 times a day.
  2. Avoid 3-4 days of cold, hot, spicy, coloring tea, coffee and wine.
  3. Use a new toothbrush.

Ultrasound teeth cleaning – contraindications

ultrasonic teeth cleaning contraindications

With all the obvious advantages of the procedure, it is not recommended for everyone. It is not recommended for pregnant women in the early stages, since during this period the uterus is very sensitive to external influences. In the second waiting period of the child, ultrasonic cleaning of the teeth is acceptable. Prohibited is the procedure for children and adolescents, people who have implants in their mouths.

Ultrasonic removal of tartar is strictly contraindicated in such diseases:

  • arrhythmia;
  • problems with the heart and blood vessels;
  • chronic asthma, bronchitis;
  • cold;
  • hepatitis;
  • tuberculosis;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • epilepsy;
  • end stage diabetes.