Removal of papillomas with a laser - who can carry out the procedure, and how does it work?

Modern medicine and cosmetology has a huge arsenal of tools aimed at eliminating cosmetic defects in gentle ways. Removal of papillomas with a laser is a widespread method of getting rid of neoplasms on the skin using laser surgical equipment. What are the benefits of this procedure? Does it have contraindications? And how painful is it?

cauterization of papillomas with a laser

Is it possible to remove papillomas with a laser?

Among the various methods of getting rid of neoplasms, laser removal of papillomas remains the most effective, less traumatic and painless method. Even if the growths on the skin do not cause discomfort to a person, then from an aesthetic point of view, their removal is desirable. However, in most cases, cauterization of papillomas with a laser is a necessary measure:

  • papillomas 1-5 mm in size;
  • growth increase;
  • the growth of new formations;
  • pain;
  • bleeding;
  • itching;
  • permanent injury;
  • discoloration of papilloma;
  • peeling;
  • burning.

Methods for removing papillomas

Today, the laser method for removing papillomas, condylomas and other benign skin neoplasms is regarded as the most productive and safe. During the procedure, the laser vaporizes the pathological formation without affecting healthy tissues. However, in some cases, it is still necessary to resort to other methods, when it is not possible to remove papillomas with a laser for a number of reasons:

  • cryodestruction;
  • surgery;
  • cauterization with chemicals;
  • radio waves;
  • electrocoagulation.

Removal of papillomas with a laser – the pros and cons

Removal of papillomas with a laser over other methods of getting rid of skin defects has a number of undeniable advantages. The advantages of this procedure include:

  • atraumatic;
  • high efficiency;
  • bloodlessness;
  • comfort;
  • speed;
  • painlessness;
  • safety.

It will take no more than 1 minute to remove the papilloma with a laser, and the whole procedure will take less than half an hour. In addition, this type of treatment:

  1. Has no age restrictions.
  2. Minimizes the risk of infectious and inflammatory complications.
  3. Does not cause side effects.
  4. Does not leave scars and scars.
  5. Reduces the healing and recovery process.

However, the removal of papillomas with a laser is still not without pitfalls, and the high cost of the procedure is especially acute. The inability to send a removed neoplasm for further histological examination is the second minus in the treasury of laser surgery, which in general does not detract from the merits of this method.

laser papilloma removal

Laser removal of papillomas – contraindications

The safety and atraumatic nature of the procedure for removing papillomas with a laser is the main trump card of this type of surgery, however, doctors still distinguish a list of limitations and contraindications for this type of treatment:

  • malignancy of the neoplasm;
  • diabetes;
  • oncology;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • dermatological diseases;
  • herpes in the acute stage;
  • epilepsy;
  • thrombocytopenia;
  • feverish state;
  • exacerbation of inflammatory processes in the body;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • pregnancy;
  • lactation period;
  • skin sensitivity.

Removal of papillomas on the eyelids with a laser is the safest option for correcting a cosmetic defect, however, this procedure should be abandoned in the presence of conjunctivitis and other inflammatory diseases until they are completely cured. A fresh tan and increased sensitivity of the skin to UV rays is another reason to postpone or refuse laser surgery.

Removal of papillomas with a laser – consequences

There are indeed many undeniable advantages of laser surgery, but sometimes negative consequences can appear after the removal of papillomas with a laser. They are not significant, rare, but they have a place to be:

  • burn with redness and eschar formation;
  • pigmentation;
  • puffiness;
  • allergy;
  • keloid scarring.

How are papillomas removed with a laser?

Laser removal of papillomas has a mechanism for evaporating fluid in pathological areas, as a result of which the cells are destroyed, the neoplasm is, as it were, burned out layer by layer until it completely disappears. Healthy tissues are not affected in any way. They are not violated and do not suffer. Hospitalization for this mini-operation is not required, everything happens on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia:

  1. To begin with, the doctor disinfects the skin at the treatment sites and applies a drug with an anesthetic effect.
  2. Further, with the help of specialized equipment, a thin laser beam is applied to the papilloma. It takes about one minute to remove one growth. There is no bleeding.
  3. After the procedure is completed, the wounds are treated with a bactericidal preparation and sterile dressings are applied to them.

What kind of laser removes papillomas?

papillomas laser machine

At the disposal of modern medicine there is more than one laser device for removing papillomas:

  1. carbon dioxide laser acts on papillomas with an infrared beam, evaporating pathological cells intensively. This method is very popular, but has a fat minus – the formation of scars at the site of exposure.
  2. Erbium laser has shorter wavelengths, which makes it less traumatic and much more effective than the carbon dioxide laser technique.
  3. pulsed laser unlike the two previous methods, it has a detrimental effect not on papilloma cells directly, but on their blood cells, destroying hemoglobin in erythrocytes. This allows you to deprive the neoplasm of blood supply, destroying everything, even the smallest capillaries inside it. The healing process goes unnoticed. At the site of removal of papillomas, scars are not formed.

Is it painful to remove papillomas with a laser?

The procedure of laser destruction of pathological neoplasms does not cause bleeding, does not involve incisions and other invasive methods of exposure. Therefore, even the removal of papillomas on the face with a laser, where the skin is thin and sensitive, is absolutely painless. Local anesthesia may be used to reduce discomfort. However, after the procedure, in very rare cases, painful recovery can be observed:

1. After removing the papillomas on the sole with severe pain, you can take any painkiller:

  • Ketanov;
  • Tempalgin;
  • Ibyklin;
  • Ketarol.

2. Do not use corticosteroid-based creams and gels to reduce swelling, as they can slow healing.

How is a removed papilloma cauterized after a laser?

After laser removal of papillomas, the doctor conducting the procedure advises the patient on methods for treating wounds at home. Often, disinfecting solutions with a drying effect are prescribed:

  • Chlorhexidine;
  • Baneocin;
  • Zelenka;
  • Fukortsin;
  • a strong solution of potassium permanganate (1: 1);
  • alcohol infusion of calendula.

Removed papilloma with a laser, how to care?

laser papilloma removal care

The aesthetics of the performed procedure depends not only on the experience and high qualification of the doctor and equipment. After the removal of papillomas with a laser has passed, wound care falls on the patient’s shoulders:

  1. A crust appears at the site of the removed neoplasm, which is absolutely impossible to rip off. Otherwise, the risks of penetration into the wound of the infection increase, and in the future, scarring of tissues, the appearance of scars. This crust falls off on its own for 4-7 days.
  2. Do not allow friction of the skin at the site of removal of papillomas. To reduce friction, you can use a bactericidal adhesive plaster.
  3. Within two days after the procedure for removing papillomas, the wound must not be wetted. If, nevertheless, water has got on it, then you should not rub it with a towel, but it is better to get it wet with a paper towel.
  4. After removal of papillomas, it is worth refraining from any kind of steam rooms and baths, a pool and a solarium for 2 weeks.
  5. After removal of papillomas on the face, it is necessary to apply sunscreen SPF 30-50 on it.
  6. If the removal of papillomas was carried out on the genitals, then it is necessary to refrain from close contacts for 14 days.
  7. Every day it is necessary to treat the wounds until they are completely healed with restorative creams:
  • Contratubex;
  • Stataderm;
  • Venitan Forte;
  • Kelokot.