A clean, fresh and beautiful face is always conducive to communication. The appearance of acne every time causes a storm of indignation among women, and each, to the best of her ability and knowledge, tries to hide, cover up as quickly as possible, using effective acne ointments or squeeze out rashes. However, acne does not appear out of nowhere, there are a number of serious reasons behind any inflammation, and you need to get to the bottom of them in order to say goodbye to acne and painful papules once and for all.
Acne – causes and treatment
Pimples are inflamed areas of the skin, in the pores of which, for one reason or another, the outflow of sebum is disturbed. When the ducts are clogged, they begin active growth and reproduction of bacteria. Propionibacteria are permanent inhabitants of human skin, but under favorable conditions in the form of clogged pores, they begin to multiply actively, and inflammation worsens. If the ducts of the sebaceous glands are clogged, excess sebum is released, which mixes with dead cells, particles of makeup, sweat and dust. This cocktail instantly causes acne.
Before smearing acne, you need to find out for what reasons they may appear:
- Wrong nutrition. If a person consumes a lot of sweet, fatty and starchy foods, the skin will begin to suffer. The sebaceous glands produce an excess amount of fluid and thus the pores become clogged and rashes form. If you exclude sweets, fatty foods and flour products from the diet, in a week the skin will become much cleaner.
- Unsuitable skin care products. Excessive activity of the sebaceous glands occurs when the skin is dry or oily in itself. In both cases, it is necessary to carefully select care products, not focusing on acne ointments, so that oily skin can get rid of excess sebum and dry skin is properly moisturized.
- Hormonal changes. Any hormonal changes in the body are reflected in the skin. No wonder the peak of rashes falls on adolescence, when a powerful hormonal restructuring occurs. Ideally, after acne should go away once and for all, but often they appear in women aged 20 to 30 years. If this happens, then the girl needs to contact a gynecologist and an endocrinologist as soon as possible.
- Problems with the gastrointestinal tract. The condition of the gastrointestinal tract is interconnected with the condition of the skin. As soon as the balance of microflora in the gastrointestinal tract is disturbed, and rashes appear on the skin.
- Lack of sleep and emotional state. If a person constantly lives in stress, the stress hormone cortisol is released into the blood, the skin begins to produce sebum as quickly as possible to protect itself, and here not every acne ointment can help. From an excess of secreted fat, the pores are clogged, and acne appears. A lack of sleep is a powerful stress for all body systems.
Ointments for acne
Ointment for acne on the face must be chosen very carefully. In order for the treatment to be effective and help for a long time, it is worth studying the composition of the remedy as thoroughly as possible.
Ointments applied to rashes according to active ingredients are divided into:
The first two are less hazardous to health, but the third give a quick and visible result, so they are in great demand.
Acne ointment with antibacterial properties contains:
- antibiotics (tetracycline, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and penicillin);
The basic composition of the anti-inflammatory ointment may contain:
- acetylsalicylic or salicylic acid;
- natural ingredients, in the form of oils or birch tar.
Ointment against acne of a hormonal nature, contains:
Zinc ointment for acne
Zinc ointment for acne on the face has anti-inflammatory properties and does an excellent job with its direct duties. The ointment dries the skin on inflamed papules, evens out the lesions and eliminates pain. Zinc oxide, which forms the basis of the ointment, helps restore normal pigmentation of the upper layer of the epidermis and eliminates redness. Among other things, the ointment helps to disinfect wounds by eliminating pathogenic bacteria.
In addition to zinc oxide, the ointment contains solid paraffin compounds, mineral oils and petroleum jelly. The latter nourishes the skin and prevents the formation of scars on the skin. Zinc ointment is in an affordable price range and has no side effects, so its use is allowed even during pregnancy and lactation. The only disadvantage of the ointment is that when applied to oily skin, the pores can become clogged with paraffin and oil, which will lead to the resumption of inflammation. For dry skin, zinc-based acne ointment is ideal.
Sulfur ointment for acne
Sulfur-based acne ointment is part of the anti-inflammatory group of drugs. The essence of its action is that when the drug enters the skin, irritation of the receptors in the upper layers of the epidermis occurs, the strength of blood flow through the capillaries increases several times, which improves cellular metabolism. Simply put, the ointment activates the process of regeneration of the upper layer of the skin. In addition, sulfuric ointment fights skin parasites and eliminates fungal diseases.
Medicinal ointment can be applied to any area of the skin, except for the scalp. This area is an exception because it has an increased oiliness of the skin, the ointment can clog the pores and after that it is very difficult to fix the problem. Acne ointment (sulphuric) is also recommended to be applied with caution to oily skin. Cell metabolism will increase even in this case, but clogged pores can again respond with double irritation.
Salicylic ointment for acne
An effective ointment for acne on the face is salicylic ointment. The drug is able to draw out pus from the wound, soothe, disinfect the skin, get rid of internal acne and dry the upper layers of the epidermis. The antiseptic properties of the ointment and affordability make the drug more in demand. However, if salicylic ointment is applied in large quantities, there is a risk of an allergic reaction and a burn of the upper layers of the skin.
Ichthyol ointment for acne
Ointment that pulls acne is very popular and effective. It is able to cope with purulent rashes, eliminate infection and dissolve comedones. This ointment is one of the best for dealing with internal acne. The drug is applied pointwise, with the exception of the chin and nose. These 2 parts of the facial area are covered completely. Due to the fact that the ointment penetrates deep into the epidermal layers, it begins to stimulate microcirculation and skin detoxification. The color and smell of the ointment are very specific. After removing the drug, it is necessary to treat the place with an antiseptic.
Vishnevsky’s ointment for acne
Vishnevsky’s ointment for acne on the face has been used for a long time and really helps. The composition of the ointment includes 3 components: xeroform, tar and castor oil. The drug is famous for its ability to draw pus from the wound and tighten the skin, removing all the excess from under it. The ointment really helps, but not everyone can stand its smell. The drug is applied pointwise and after removing the remnants of the ointment, the skin must be disinfected and allowed to rest for several hours. Only after that you can apply the next portion.
Retinoic ointment for acne
Retinoic acne ointment is great for oily skin. The drug belongs to the group of anti-inflammatory drugs. The ointment disinfects damaged and inflamed skin. Carotene, which forms the basis of the remedy, suppresses the excessive production of subcutaneous fat, due to which the number of purulent papules is significantly reduced. When applying the ointment, reddening of certain areas of the epidermis may be observed, but you should not stop. After 5-7 days, the skin will recover and the redness will go away.
When asked how to smear a subcutaneous pimple, we can safely recommend using retinoic ointment. For a therapeutic effect, the ointment is applied 1 time per day, preferably at night. Treatment is carried out for 3-6 months, depending on the number of rashes and personal susceptibility. You can repeat the therapy only after 3 months. At this time, the skin needs to be given a break.
The drug should not be used in the following cases:
- during pregnancy;
- during lactation;
- in the presence of liver diseases;
- with hypervitaminosis of vitamin A.
Synthomycin ointment for acne
Acne ointment contains the active ingredient chloramphenicol, which is famous for its antibacterial properties. An antibiotic is able to reduce pain at the site of rashes, disinfect wounds and neutralize the ability of pathogenic bacteria to multiply. A feature of the drug is its ability to heal burns and prevent the spread of poison from insect bites. The ointment perfectly fights acne and tightens fresh scars from inflamed papules.
The medication contains not only an antibiotic, but also an emulsion of synthomycin, castor oil and clean water. Acne ointment has no contraindications for use and is allowed before the treatment of teenage rashes. The drug can be applied to the entire skin of the face, including healthy areas. As side effects, allergic rashes and itching may appear. This happens only in the presence of individual intolerance to the components of the ointment by the patient.
Tetracycline ointment for acne
Acne ointment with an antibiotic – tetracycline has an antibacterial effect. An ointment is used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms on the skin that stimulate the growth of comedones (subcutaneous acne). The medicine must be rubbed into the skin with massage movements in the morning and evening. Before use, the skin should be as clean and dry as possible. An antibiotic-based ointment is prohibited during the period of childbearing and breastfeeding. The components of the drug enter the bloodstream and freely seep into the placenta.
Erythromycin ointment for acne
Erythromycin ointment for acne contains the antibiotic of the same name. The ointment has antibacterial properties and allows you to remove swelling in the area of inflammation and neutralize harmful microorganisms. Apply the drug 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment averages 2 months. The ointment is not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation. When applied, the following side effects may occur: redness, itching, irritation and peeling of the skin.
Levomekol – ointment for acne
Ointment for acne on the face, called “Levomekol”, is recommended for use during the teenage “bloom”, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The composition of the ointment includes two main components: methyluracil and chloramphenicol. The drug has antibacterial properties and is able to block the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. Upon contact with the upper layers of the inflamed epidermis, the agent draws out subcutaneous pus and makes the regeneration processes go faster.
The ointment is applied both extensively over the entire surface of the skin, and locally on the bandage, which is subsequently attached to the inflamed area as an application. The bandage is applied for no more than 12 hours, after which it must be renewed. The procedure is repeated until all the pus is eliminated. In addition to its direct purpose, the ointment perfectly eliminates inflammation and itching after a mosquito bite.
Ointment for acne – rating
The best acne ointments for each person are determined individually, the rating is compiled from the average data for all regions.
The top includes:
- Zinc ointment.
- Salicylic ointment.
- Ichthyol ointment.
- Sulfuric ointment.
- Vishnevsky ointment.
- Retinoic ointment.
- Erythromycin ointment.
- Tetracycline ointment.
- Synthomycin ointment.