Wen – the colloquial name of a lipoma (lipoblastoma), which is a formation consisting of adipose tissue that develops in the subcutaneous layers or in the internal organs. One of the most common and at the same time the most unpleasant varieties for women can be called wen on the face, which look far from attractive.
What is a wen and why is it dangerous?
Considering in more detail what a wen is, it should be noted that these neoplasms can appear at any age, but are often found in women 30-50 years old. These are benign tumors, often not dangerous to health and not painful. At the same time, sometimes they are able to increase in size and become inflamed. Growing, the wen can penetrate deep between the muscle fibers, vascular bundles, surround the nerves, thereby causing discomfort and hindering the functioning of adjacent organs.
What does a wen on the face look like?
In most cases, small wen are formed on the face, but often these are numerous formations that are prone to merging. Although from a medical point of view, wen are quite harmless, but from a cosmetic point of view they represent a noticeable defect. Lipoma on the face is often localized in the near-orbital region – on the eyelids, under the eyes, in the corners of the eyes, under the eyebrows, having the appearance of a yellowish plaque protruding above the skin, soft to the touch. It can also be a whitish rounded formation, located mainly on the forehead, cheekbones, nose, in the zone of the nasolabial triangle.
Wen on the face – causes
Patients who are faced with such a nuisance are interested in why wen appear on the face, which is important to prevent the occurrence of formations in the future. The exact cause of the appearance of wen on the face has not yet been established, tk. different processes can take part in triggering the mechanisms of neoplasm growth. In cases where there are wen on the face, we are talking about superficial formations, most likely associated with a violation of the outflow of the secretion of the sebaceous glands
Finding out what causes wen on the face, experts identify a number of factors, in the presence of which there is a high probability of developing pathology:
- metabolic disorders in the body;
- increase in blood cholesterol levels;
- increased oiliness of the skin;
- violations of the digestive system;
- endocrine disruptions;
- vascular atherosclerosis;
- improper diet;
- bad habits;
- inadequate skin care.
How to get rid of wen on the face?
Lipomas do not disappear on their own, so it is better to think about how to remove wen from the face as early as possible, before they begin to grow strongly. For this purpose, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist or cosmetologist, and if a large size is formed, consult a surgeon. Regardless of the cause, wen on the face are removed mechanically – surgically or through physiotherapy techniques. In rare cases, small wen on the face can be removed in a conservative way using pharmacy or folk remedies.
Is it possible to remove a wen at home?
It is highly not recommended to self-medicate and try to remove a wen on the face at home, without even consulting a specialist. If attempts are made to pierce or squeeze out such elements, then as a result of a violation of the structure of tissues and insufficient disinfection, the problem can be aggravated by provoking an inflammatory process or the formation of rough scars.
Remedy for wen on the face
If the formation is shallow, there is a chance that the ointment from the wen on the face will help to “pull” its contents out without mechanical intervention. In this case, as a compress, you can use one of the following drugs:
Removal of a wen on the face with a laser
One of the most modern and reliable methods by which a lipoma is removed on the face is laser exposure. Moreover, this method is applicable only for small and not too deep fatty subcutaneous formations. The stream of laser radiation generated by a special device is directed to the affected area, and a selective effect is made, without affecting the surrounding healthy tissues.
When wen on the face are removed by means of a laser, there is no risk of bleeding and penetration of infectious agents, because. Simultaneously with the liquidation of the fatty capsule, the blood vessels are “soldered” and the tissues are disinfected. The procedure is performed using local anesthesia. Healing proceeds quickly without swelling, infiltration, suppuration.
Radio wave removal of lipoma
Contactless removal of wen on the face is possible thanks to a radio wave knife (scalpel), which converts electric current into radio waves of a given frequency. The resulting radiation is directed to the pathological focus, due to which there is a layer-by-layer destruction of soft tissues with parallel coagulation of blood vessels and disinfection. Local anesthesia is used for anesthesia.
The radio wave method of eliminating wen on the face is bloodless, has a minimum period of subsequent rehabilitation, it is not characterized by the development of complications. It is used for small lipomas, so it is worth deciding on an operation as early as possible, until the formation begins to grow. The procedure is contraindicated if the patient has a pacemaker, metal-containing prostheses.
Surgical removal of a lipoma
If the formation reaches a significant size, then the question of how to remove the wen on the face is decided in favor of a classical surgical operation. In this case, the removal is performed through an incision in the skin tissue, which is subsequently sutured, and a pressure bandage is applied on top. The type of anesthesia (local, general) during the intervention is selected depending on the size of the tumor and the pain sensitivity of the patient.
The disadvantage of the surgical technique with a scalpel may be an unsatisfactory cosmetic result, because. there is a risk of formation of visible scars. In this case, any of the scar removal methods can subsequently be applied:
In addition, special preparations can be used to reduce the defect:
- Kelofibraz etc.
Lipoma inflamed – what to do?
If a wen is inflamed, then the reasons for this may be different: rubbing, injury, improper treatment, infection. The inflammatory process is expressed in the appearance of puffiness in this area, reddening of the skin over the lipoma, pain of an acute or aching nature, palpation of the exudate inside. With such symptoms, you should not hesitate to contact a doctor, because. a purulent process may begin, and the lesion can quickly affect nearby tissues.
To stop inflammation, local medications are often prescribed: antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal corticosteroid drugs. Only after the extinction of the acute process, the question is raised of removing the lipoma in one way or another, selected individually, depending on various factors.