stomatitis in adults causes and treatment

Stomatitis – inflammation of the oral mucosa. This is a protective reaction of the immune system to various stimuli. Whatever the reason for the appearance of stomatitis in adults, treatment and prevention of complications should be carried out immediately after the first symptoms appear, otherwise a secondary infection may join.

Causes of stomatitis in adults

The main causes of stomatitis in adults are bacteria, mycoplasmas and viruses. They are almost always present on the mucous membrane, but do not cause irritation. Their reproduction begins with the addition of additional provoking factors – malnutrition, violations of personal hygiene rules, diseases of the oropharynx, and much more.

Thermal, chemical or mechanical trauma are common causes of frequent stomatitis in adults. It could be:

  • a scratch on a tooth fragment or a sharp edge of a crown;
  • a cut on the cheek with solid food (nuts, dried fish, breadcrumbs, etc.);
  • burn from hot food.

The cause of chronic stomatitis in adults may be the use of toothpaste, which contains sodium lauryl sulfate. This substance can significantly reduce salivation. This will provoke dehydration in the oral cavity, due to which the mucous membrane becomes vulnerable to irritants.

The causes of permanent stomatitis in adults are various diseases of various organs and systems. It can be:

  • oncological diseases of the nose, neck, pharynx;
  • colitis, gastritis and helminthic invasions;
  • HIV;
  • diabetes;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • anemia.

Antiviral drugs for the treatment of stomatitis

Drug treatment of stomatitis in adults should begin with the use of antiviral agents. You can use both ointments and tablets. The best antivirals are:

  • Levorin;
  • Daktarin;
  • Miconazole gel;
  • Mycozone;
  • Acyclovir;
  • Oxolinic ointment.

Means for healing the epithelium

In the treatment of allergic, bacterial, chronic and any other stomatitis in adults, it is necessary to take drugs that accelerate the healing of the epithelium. It is best to use drugs such as:

  • Solcoseryl is a dental paste that quickly improves trophism and stimulates the process of tissue regeneration;
  • Carotolin – an oily solution intended for external use, restores the mucous membrane well;
  • Vinylin – helps to cleanse wounds, perfectly accelerates tissue regeneration and has an antiseptic effect.

With fungal stomatitis, it is best to treat sores with Nystatin ointment. Also, the mouth area should be rinsed with a soda solution. After the disappearance of acute symptoms and severe pain, it is necessary to apply the epithelizing agent Solcoseryl-gel.

Painkillers for the treatment of stomatitis

If the soreness of ulcers with stomatitis greatly interferes with the patient, local anesthetics can be used. Good help with such a disease:

  • Anestezin;
  • Geksoral tabs;
  • Benzocaine;
  • Lidocaine Asept;
  • Lidochlor.

For the treatment of traumatic stomatitis at the first stage of treatment, it is necessary to eliminate the traumatic effect. For example, if it is related to chronic stomatitis in adults treatmentan unsuccessfully placed crown, it should be removed. After that, all patients are prescribed rinsing with any antiseptic solution. To eliminate the pain syndrome in this case, both medications and Kalanchoe juice or a decoction of chamomile are used.

For any type of stomatitis, vitamin therapy is indicated. It is essential for boosting immunity. The best immunostimulating drugs are:

  • Cycloferon;
  • Polyoxidonium;
  • Immunal.