periodontal abscess – This is a purulent inflammation of the gums. It looks like a round formation filled with pus. Its size can be only a few millimeters, and can reach 5 centimeters.
Causes of a periodontal abscess
In the oral cavity, a periodontal abscess develops due to infection in the periodontal pocket or gum tissue. It occurs with gingivitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease. It can also appear as a result of various mechanical, chemical and thermal injuries of the gums or as a result of poor-quality prosthetics and tooth filling.
Symptoms of periodontal abscess
With a periodontal abscess, first there is a slight discomfort in the gum area. A few days later, when pressing on the gum or chewing food, the patient feels mild pain. Gradually, the pain intensifies. After 5 days, a reddened spherical swelling forms in the area of inflammation. It rapidly increases in volume and may be accompanied by pain that radiates to the cheek, jaw and ear.
You may also experience:
- loss of appetite;
- increase in body temperature;
Treatment of periodontal abscess
If you have a periodontal abscess, in any case, do not start its treatment at home! This will lead to a sharp deterioration in the condition and cause complications or bleeding.
Dental treatment of periodontal abscess is a surgical opening of inflammation and removal of pus. After that, the cavity is cleaned with an antiseptic solution, which allows you to remove all dead tissue. If the size of the purulent formation is very large, a drainage installation is required. This is a small tube that facilitates the rapid outflow of contents from the pocket.
After surgical treatment of periodontal abscess, the patient is prescribed antibacterial drugs and various immunostimulating drugs. For the speedy healing of the wound, physiotherapy or laser procedures are performed, as well as iontophoresis.
To avoid complications, dentists recommend after surgery:
- Refrain from smoking, excessive food intake and alcohol intake.
- Do not take sleeping pills or strong painkillers.
- If pain increases, body temperature rises, redness appears around the incision, or pus appears, seek medical attention immediately.