Even 50 years ago, scientists began to search for a method for removing tattoos, but, despite significant achievements, an absolutely safe method that guarantees 100% tattoo removal has not been found. However, with a competent professional approach, you can achieve a good result. Let’s see what are the advantages and disadvantages of various tattoo removal methods, is it possible to reduce a tattoo at home or is it better to contact specialists.
How to remove a tattoo with a laser?
First of all, it should be borne in mind that the result largely depends not only on the quality of the equipment, but also on the professionalism of the master. In each individual case, the specialist determines whether it is possible to reduce the tattoo with a laser, or whether another removal method is more effective.
Choosing the right laser is important. The neodymium laser is considered the most effective and safe today, which is divided into four groups – infrared, red, yellow and green. There is also a ruby, alexandrite and erbium laser. The choice of one or another type of laser is determined by factors such as the depth of the pigment, saturation and color, as well as the composition of the paint. It is worth noting that some scientists warn about the dangers of using a laser. As a result of research, it was found that exposure to a laser leads to the formation of hazardous substances in the body that cause cancer. In addition, with incompetent use of the laser, the risk of burns and scars is quite high. Also, the laser can cause a color inversion, as a result of which the pigment darkens and cannot be removed.
Mechanical tattoo removal
To remove the drawing mechanically, it is recommended to contact plastic surgery centers or medical cosmetic centers. Depending on individual factors, experts select the most appropriate method. Mechanical methods of tattoo removal include surgical removal of the skin, possibly followed by skin grafting, cryosurgery, the use of chemicals, and dermabrasion. The size and appearance of the scar that remains after mechanical removal of the tattoo depends on the tattoo, on the subsequent care of the wound surface, and also on the individual characteristics of the skin.
How to reduce a tattoo at home?
Since the methods offered in salons are quite expensive, the question of how to remove a tattoo at home does not lose its relevance.
In order to reduce a tattoo at home, the following tools are most often used:
- tincture of celandine. Small areas of the skin are treated with tincture, which leads to a burn, and as a result, the top layer of the skin is removed. After removal, scars remain. And since celandine belongs to poisonous plants, only small areas of the skin can be processed;
- iodine. The action of iodine is to gradually exfoliate the layers of the skin along with the paint pigments. The effectiveness of the method depends on individual factors, and in many cases, attempts to reduce a tattoo with iodine end in wasted time. If allergic reactions occur, hospitalization may be required, followed by surgery;
- chemical burns. Various chemicals are applied to the surface of the skin, causing burns. Of course, scars subsequently remain, and the procedure itself is characterized by painful sensations and the risk of blood poisoning;
- vinegar essence. With the help of a tattoo machine, the essence is injected into the top layer of the skin, which leads to the destruction of the pigment. White traces may remain in place of the pattern, and in some cases pigment remains;
- often there is information on how to reduce a tattoo potassium permanganate or milk, but it should be borne in mind that both of these options are especially fraught with the risk of infection. In addition, mixing with milk gives a result in rare cases, and after potassium permanganate, serious burns remain, and in some cases not only the upper layers of the skin are damaged, but also internal tissues, as well as blood vessels and veins.
Before removing a tattoo at home, you should weigh the pros and cons and seriously evaluate the possible consequences. After all, not in all cases, scars and ulcers will look better than a tattoo. And if you need to get rid of a particular pattern, then you can resort to the help of professional tattoo artists and cover up the old tattoo. Only when choosing a new drawing, you should take into account previous mistakes, and choose a tattoo that you no longer want to remove.