gum recession

gum recession – this is the omission of the gum contour, in which the surface of the tooth root is exposed. As a result, a person’s teeth become more sensitive to mechanical, thermal and food stimuli. Due to the omission of the gums, rather large voids are formed in which pathogenic bacteria can accumulate. That is why the bone tissue of the teeth and the tissues that support them are damaged.

Causes of gum recession

The main causes of gum recession are:

  • periodontal disease;
  • gingivitis or periodontitis;
  • tissue injury by orthopedic structures or fillings;
  • poor oral hygiene;
  • allergic reactions to the framework of crowns;
  • cervical caries.

Sometimes gum recession occurs in the absence of treatment for orthodontic problems: malocclusion, short lip frenulum, etc. This problem can also be faced by those who suffer from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and diabetes.

Treatment of gum recession

Elimination of gum recession is a complex process that only a doctor should carry out even in a mild stage. For most patients, deep cleaning of the damaged area helps to get rid of such a problem. But it gives a good effect only in the very early stages, when the roots are not very exposed.

Deep cleaning scrapes away plaque and tartar that has accumulated on the surface of the teeth and on their roots under the gum line. The exposed part of the tooth root is well polished so that bacteria cannot attach to it. Sometimes after such treatment of gum recession at home, the patient should take antibiotics. They will help get rid of harmful bacteria remaining in the oral cavity.

Surgical treatment of recession

Very often, with gum recession, the following surgical methods of treatment are used:

  1. Relocation of the gingival flap to the area of ​​the recession – this method gives good results in generalized and localized recessions. It is used if there is sufficient gum volume.
  2. Closure of gingival recession with a lateral flap – as a rule, it is taken in the area adjacent to the location of the defect. Thus, an excellent aesthetic result is achieved, because the fabrics perfectly match in color. This method is used only in localized recession, in cases where there is sufficient material in the soft tissues.
  3. Hard palate flap transplantation – with such a surgical intervention, a tissue flap, which is removed from the mucous membrane of the palate, is attached to the defect site. After the operation, some patients experience discomfort at the site of tissue removal, moreover, the color of the flap does not match completely.

Can be used to treat recession and guided tissue regeneration. To stimulate the growth of one’s own gums, special membranes are used. Non-resorbable membranes are implanted into the affected area, and after complete recovery, they are removed through repeated surgical intervention. Resorbable membranes are not needed elimination of gum recession removed, but the effect of their use is much lower.

Medical treatment of gum recession

Gingival recession can be treated without surgery. This requires special protein biological preparations that stimulate tissue regeneration. They are based on amelogenins, which contribute to the formation of structural tissues of the tooth and enamel, as well as cell-free cement. One of the most effective drugs in this group is EmdogainÒ. With the help of this drug, you can get rid of gum recession in a short period of time without plastic surgery.