If the skin is damaged, its cells begin to actively recover and renew themselves. Any professional peeling is based on this property of the dermis and epidermis. Controlled burning of the upper layers of the skin stimulates the processes of its regeneration, the production of elastin and collagen.
Chemical peeling – types
There are 3 types of cosmetic manipulation presented. They differ in the degree of damage to the skin:
- Deep. It is recommended to perform such a chemical peeling for the face in the salon (exclusively), only an experienced specialist can correctly calculate the concentration of the drug for safe application.
- Median. Less traumatic, but also an effective version of the procedure. If you have certain skills, it is allowed for independent use.
- Surface. Safe peeling that does not require special skills and specialized knowledge. These manipulations are allowed to be carried out at home if high-quality cosmetics are available.
Deep chemical peel
The described type of procedure is designed to combat serious defects of mature or aging skin. This facial chemical peel penetrates into the papillary dermis, located 0.6 mm from the epidermal surface. The skin during the session is severely damaged, up to the appearance of “blood dew”, therefore, the manipulation in question is carried out with high-quality anesthesia.
Deep chemical peeling of the face is done on the basis of preparations of phenol (benzene hydroxide) and high concentration trichloroacetic acid (up to 50%). Complete healing and regeneration of the dermis and epidermis occurs 1-2 months after the procedure. Repetition of therapy is allowed only after a year, it is too aggressive for frequent use.
Medium chemical peel
This type of skin treatment involves the almost complete removal of its upper layers. The depth of impact of the drugs used is up to 0.45 mm, where the reticular dermis begins. It is desirable to carry out a median chemical peel in the salon, but if you have the appropriate qualifications, you can do it at home. Manipulation is less traumatic than deep burning of the skin, so recovery is faster. Complete epithelialization of the damaged layers takes approximately 7-10 days. Preparations for the median procedure:
- trichloroacetic acid (concentration up to 35%);
- Jessner’s solution;
- salicylic acid (up to 30%).
Superficial chemical peel
The gentlest and safest form of exfoliation and facial enhancement. The penetration depth of the cosmetic product is limited to 0.06 mm. Such chemical peeling of the skin only damages the epidermal layer, so it can be performed at home even with long courses. The restoration of the burned epithelium lasts only 3-5 days, during which time the cells are completely renewed.
Many preparations are used to carry out superficial manipulation, the most popular is the glycol peeling for the face. It is based on the simplest hydroxy acid with an individually selected concentration (from 10 to 70%). This substance is found in natural raw materials:
- citrus and other products.
Similarly, almond chemical peeling is in demand. It is more effective because it contains an aromatic hydroxy acid. The following preparations are also used for superficial exfoliation:
- trichloroacetic acid in low concentrations (up to 15%);
- salicylic acid (up to 20%).
Chemical peeling – indications and contraindications
With the help of the described procedure, you can cope with most skin problems. Professional and home chemical peeling is prescribed for such defects:
- excessive pigmentation;
- uneven terrain;
- loss of a protective barrier;
- scars and scars;
- small wrinkles;
- roughness and dryness, constant peeling;
- low tone.
- inflammation on the face;
- skin infections;
- use of isotretinoin within the previous 12 months;
- hypersensitivity to active ingredients of drugs;
- neoplasms in the treatment areas;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- keloid scars.
When is the best time to do a chemical peel?
The cosmetic manipulation in question literally burns one or more layers of the skin, so its surface becomes very vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation. The best time to do a chemical peel is from mid-September to mid-April. During these periods, the lowest radiation activity of the Sun is observed.
If you perform a chemical facial peel in spring and summer, the risk of hyperpigmentation of the skin and the formation of persistent dark spots increases. Similarly, it is dangerous to undergo a course of autumn-winter treatment on the eve of an upcoming trip to exotic hot countries or resorts. In such situations, cosmetologists recommend postponing therapy until the end of the vacation.
How often can I do a chemical facial peel?
The basic course of skin renewal involves 4-6 manipulations performed once a week or less. Deep chemical peeling with acids is carried out once or twice with a break of 1-6 months, it depends on the individual degree of sensitivity and the speed of the recovery period. It is undesirable to carry out procedures more than once a year, it is important to coordinate repeated courses with a cosmetologist and dermatologist.
Chemical peeling for the face at home
Having decided on an independent skin renewal, it is important to immediately abandon the use of homemade prescription drugs based on Aspirin tablets, salicylic acid pharmacy powder, calcium chloride and other medicines. Chemical peeling for the face at home should be carried out with professional cosmetics, which are easy to purchase in specialized stores or salons. It precisely calculates the concentration of active ingredients for a safe and at the same time effective procedure.
Means for chemical peeling of the face
At home, only superficial exfoliation is allowed, less often mid-skin renewal is allowed. Quality preparations for chemical peeling are produced by the following brands:
- Skin Obsession;
- Medic Control Peel (MCP);
In order for the chemical peeling of the face to be performed correctly, other cosmetics will also be needed. Professional products are often sold in the form of kits, including such preparations:
- soothing and moisturizing;
- protective (with SPF).
How to do a chemical peel at home?
Superficial exfoliation and skin renewal is carried out only after preliminary preparation. To do a chemical peel, you first need to thoroughly cleanse your face of cosmetics, dirt and excess oil. You can use your own cleanser or use a product from a purchased kit. Dry and clean skin should be additionally treated with an antiseptic. This is necessary to prevent infection and the formation of inflammation.
When the preparatory stage is completed, the acid agent is carefully and evenly applied. Chemical home peeling of the face is important to carry out strictly according to the instructions, and keep the drug for the specified amount of time. If you deviate from the manufacturer’s recommendations, a skin burn is likely with the ensuing consequences – redness, dryness, cracking and other side effects.
Post-Chemical Facial Care
At the end of the manipulation, the acid is washed off, and the treated areas are lubricated with a soothing cream or gel. After performing a chemical peel at home, you should take care of cell regeneration and protection of the epidermis. In the next 7-15 days, depending on the intensity and depth of exposure, it is necessary to regularly nourish and moisturize the skin. Pharmaceutical products (Panthenol, Bepanten) or preparations from the kit are suitable. For 1-2 weeks, the face after a chemical peel is vulnerable to solar radiation, so you will have to use a cream with an SPF of at least 15 units, every time you go outside.