Botox is a drug created on the basis of the botulism neurotoxin produced by the microorganisms Clostridium botulinum. It is used in cosmetology to smooth mimic wrinkles and restore skin relief. The effect of Botox is associated with the relaxation of facial muscles by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses, due to which the skin over these muscles restores elasticity, wrinkles are smoothed out. In addition, this drug is used in medicine to treat excessive sweating, ophthalmic diseases, headaches, stuttering, constipation, etc.
Botox is administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly. This already suggests that the procedure is associated with certain risks and cannot be shown to absolutely all patients. In addition, there are contraindications associated with possible negative reactions of the body in response to the penetration of the components of the drug. Therefore, before the procedure for the introduction of Botox, it is recommended to undergo a medical examination. Consider what are the contraindications for Botox injections in the forehead, chin, bridge of the nose and other parts of the face.
Contraindications for Botox injections
Contraindications to Botox procedures can be divided into temporary and permanent (absolute). Temporary contraindications include the following factors:
- breastfeeding period;
- inflammatory processes, pustular rashes on the skin in areas where Botox injections are supposed to be given;
- acute infectious diseases;
- chronic infectious diseases in the acute stage;
- recent facial surgery;
- taking certain medications: antibiotics, anticoagulants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiplatelet agents and some others (the procedure is possible two weeks after the drug is discontinued);
- herpes infection in the activation phase;
- increased body temperature;
- period of menstruation.
Absolute contraindications for the Botox rejuvenation procedure are as follows:
- chronic pathologies of the kidneys, liver and lungs;
- ocular hernia (hernia of the upper or lower eyelids);
- drooping of the upper eyelid;
- autoimmune neuromuscular diseases (myasthenia, etc.);
- severe myopia;
- oncological diseases;
- tendency to form keloid and hypertrophic scars;
- hypersensitivity to the ingredients of the drug.
Many are also interested in the contraindications of Botox by age. For cosmetic purposes, procedures are allowed from the age of 18, but it is most advisable to carry them out from the age of 30.
Botox – contraindications after the procedure
There are a number of restrictions that should be observed after the procedure. Namely, the following is prohibited:
- Active facial expressions within an hour after injections.
- Tilts and lying position in the first few hours after the procedure.
- Friction, massaging the skin areas into which the drug was injected.
- Visiting the pool, sauna, bath, solarium and beach, taking hot baths for two weeks after the procedure.
- Reception of antibiotics, analgesics and some other medicines, as well as vaccination within 2-3 weeks after Botox injections.
- Peeling within three weeks after the procedure.
- The use of a large amount of liquid, as well as spicy and salty foods for three to four days after injection.
- Drinking alcoholic beverages within two weeks of Botox injection.
It should be borne in mind that Botox injection procedures can only be carried out in specialized clinics that have the appropriate license.