The salivary glands are located in the oral cavity under the mucous membrane. As you might guess, their main task is to produce saliva. The excreted secret is necessary to facilitate the process of digestion. When a blockage of the salivary gland occurs, saliva completely or partially ceases to enter the oral cavity. The phenomenon is unpleasant not only with possible problems with digestion. Blockage of the channels can also provoke inflammation.
Causes of blockage of the salivary glands
Violations in the normal functioning of the salivary ducts can occur due to:
- mechanical damage;
- getting into the channels of foreign bodies;
- sialolithiasis (salivary stone disease);
- non-compliance with oral hygiene;
- transferred operation;
- infectious disease (pneumonia, influenza, encephalitis, typhoid and others).
Symptoms of a blocked salivary gland
The disease can manifest itself in different ways. The most common symptoms are:
- dry mouth;
- unpleasant taste in the mouth;
- pain in the mouth when talking and chewing food, passing to the neck;
- taste disturbances;
- redness and swelling of the face or neck;
- the appearance of swelling behind the ears;
- pus in the mouth or on the skin near the affected ducts;
- temperature rise.
Treatment of blockage of the salivary duct
The main task of therapy is to restore the process of salivation:
- In simple cases, it is enough to simply stimulate the secretion of saliva – to suck or chew on something sour.
- If the cause of the blockage is the formation of stones, the dentist must manually push out the seal.
- The most severe and advanced cases require surgical intervention. It may even be necessary to remove the salivary gland completely.
Hygiene can help prevent blockages. In addition, it is important to avoid injury and various damage.