The absence of teeth presents serious difficulties for a person, not only physically, but also psychologically. To solve it, dental technicians and orthodontists came up with prostheses, but the first dental appliances were inconvenient because they covered the sky. Dental prostheses of the new generation without a palate are more comfortable and allow you to fully restore the functions lost along with the teeth.
Types of dentures
Dental prostheses of the new generation, unlike the first devices, do not close the palate, do not rub soft tissues and do not lead to discomfort. There are several types of innovative dentures, which are selected based on how many teeth you have and how they are located. New generation prostheses are divided into the following types:
- Byugelnye. These are the most popular new generation dentures without a palate. The existence of various designs of clasp structures helps to choose the most suitable options for a particular case.
- Acrylic. Constructions from this material are often used in temporary prosthetics.
- Nylon. Made from flexible nylon. They have a good aesthetic appearance, but poor practicality.
- Sandwich dentures. They are made up of two parts, which determined their name.
- Telescopic. This design is often used in clasp prostheses.
- Beam. For this type of prosthesis, it is necessary to implant implants, on which a beam metal structure is attached.
Clasp prostheses for teeth are made on the basis of a light but durable metal structure. The prosthesis has an arched shape, to which artificial crowns are attached. With the help of special fasteners, the prosthesis is fixed on the existing teeth. If you want to put a removable prosthesis on the upper jaw without a palate, you can use the clasp option. Clasp prostheses have varieties that are due to the method of attachment:
- Clasp – the cheapest clasp prostheses that are mounted using hooks – clasps.
- Micro-locks – a new generation of dentures with locks, reliable and more modern designs. Attachments of micro-lock prostheses contain two parts, the first of which is attached to the tooth or crown, and the second is located on the prosthesis itself.
- Telescopic – modern removable dentures without palate of a new generation. The fixation of the structure in this case is carried out using retractable telescopic crowns. This type of prosthetics is poorly developed due to the high price and complexity of creating a telescopic structure.
Soft dentures for teeth without a palate are made of nylon or acrylic. They can be used both in the partial and in the complete absence of dental units. Thanks to the elasticity of the nylon, the devices are more flexible and comfortable to wear, and the color of the material helps to make them invisible to prying eyes. In addition to the positive aspects, new generation nylon dentures without a palate also have negative ones:
- The bone tissue hidden under the prosthetic structure quickly atrophies.
- The softness of the design makes it difficult to fully chew solid food.
- The prosthesis needs frequent correction.
- Soft dentures have a short service life.
- The rough surface of the prosthesis is the cause of the accumulation of bacteria on it.
Acrylic prosthesis without a palate refers to soft structures. It is used in temporary prosthetics and in the correction of occlusion in children. Acrylic dentures are fragile, so patients wearing acrylic dentures are advised to avoid solid foods. The average life of an acrylic prosthesis is 2.5 years. With careful application and proper care, this period can be extended up to 5 years.
Dental prostheses of a new generation without a palate: sandwich and telescopic structures, refer to conditionally removable prosthetics. These devices are also called Quadrotti prostheses. Sandwich prosthesis got its name because it is made of two different materials: hard acrylic and flexible polyurethane. A sandwich prosthesis is recommended when there are several dental units that will serve as a support for the prosthesis. This design is well tolerated by the patient and has a high chewing ability.
Telescopic dentures are included in the group of clasp structures. Occasionally, instead of a clasp device, a bridge is used. The telescopic structure consists of two parts. The first supporting part is metal caps that are put on existing teeth to create the base of the prosthesis. This part is non-removable. The second part is the structure itself, which is put on the supports. Such a prosthesis is characterized by rigid fixation and good tolerability.
The presence of a telescopic prosthesis does not affect diction and facial expressions and has a high aesthetics. This design allows you to evenly distribute the load on the jaw and prevent changes in the gums. The prosthesis is placed for three years, but with proper care and correction of the upper part, the wearing period can be 10 years. The design has a high cost, which is due to the complexity of manufacturing and a large amount of consumable material.
Bar prosthesis without palate
Bar prostheses without a palate are structures for the installation of which implants are required. To do this, first 2 or, if necessary, 3 implants are implanted into the jaw, and a metal beam is fixed on them. Recesses are made on the inner surface of the removable prosthesis for attachment to the beam. In addition, silicone matrices are attached to the prosthesis, which are necessary for tight contact between the prosthesis and the implant. If the implant takes root well, such a prosthesis can last more than 10 years.
Which dentures are best
The variety of dentures is due to the variety of cases in which dental prosthetics are necessary. Before choosing dentures without a palate, you need to answer a few questions:
- How many teeth are missing? If several units are lost, a fixed prosthesis can be placed. If most of the teeth are missing, implants may be needed.
- Is the prosthesis permanent or temporary? Soft dentures are suitable for temporary prosthetics.
- How important is the cost of prosthetics? Fixed dentures will cost more, the same situation with the implantation of implants.
The achievement of prosthetics is the creation of removable structures without a palate. A new generation of removable dentures helps to restore not only one or several lost units of the dentition, but also the entire dentition. In this case, the palate of the patient will not be covered by the structure, which makes wearing the prosthesis more comfortable. This group of prostheses includes structures that the patient can remove and put on independently. This also includes a partially removable denture without a palate, which is supported by implants.
New generation fixed dentures
A fixed prosthesis of teeth without a palate is used in case of a shortage in the dentition of one or more units. An important condition for the installation of a fixed prosthesis is the presence of teeth or implants on which the bridge structure of the prosthesis can rest. The most popular of all dentures is the bridge. It is well attached to the teeth, does not cause discomfort, does not present difficulties in care. The disadvantages of this method of prosthetics is the need to grind adjacent healthy teeth and uneven distribution of the load on the gums.
The second innovative type of fixed prosthesis is an implant. This method of prosthetics is used when it is necessary to make a support for a longer prosthesis design or when one tooth is missing. Doctors call a significant disadvantage of this option of prosthetics that a number of conditions are required for successful implantation of the implant, which are not always possible to foresee. Rejection of the implant is the reason why you have to resort to another type of prosthetics.