A bump that appears near the big toe in medicine is called hallux valgus. The official name is hallux valgus. This deformity of the foot is ten times more common in the fairest sex than in men. This is partly due to the fact that ladies have a weaker ligamentous apparatus. But this is by no means the only reason for the appearance of “bones” at the feet.
Why can a bump appear on the leg near the big toe?
A bump on the leg near the big toe grows in the following cases:
- hereditary predisposition to hallux valgus (this disease can appear even in children);
- “standing” work;
- walking in tight shoes with high heels;
- flat feet;
- poliomyelitis and other neurological ailments;
- increased joint mobility;
- sedentary lifestyle, etc.
If the bump near the big toe is inflamed, you can not ignore it, as the problem may worsen. That is, a small “bone” near the finger, causing minor pain, will turn into a aching “catastrophe”.
Treatment of bumps on the leg near the big toe
If a lump near the big toe hurts, you should immediately seek help from a qualified orthopedist. The manipulations carried out in this case largely depend on the stage of hallux valgus. As a rule, in the initial stages of the disease, complex therapy is used, which includes medical, orthopedic, and physiotherapeutic interventions.
Orthopedic methods include the use of the following means:
- insoles that reduce the load;
- arch support linings;
- silicone fingertips;
- extensions and other accessories.
The corrector in the fight against a bump on the leg near the thumb is selected individually for each patient. There is no universal solution here.
Physiotherapy treatments include:
Medication helps to relieve pain with a aching bump near the big toe. The most commonly used drugs are:
- Hydrocortisone and others.
Some of the medications are prescribed in the preoperative period. The main task of such therapy is to stop inflammation and prepare the body for subsequent surgical intervention.
Surgical treatment of hallux valgus
When ointment and other medications are ineffective in the treatment of bumps on the leg of the big toe, they resort to surgical intervention. Conventionally, all manipulations carried out in this case can be divided into the following 3 groups:
- soft tissue correction;
- bone surgery;
- combined surgeries.
Operations performed on soft tissues are effective only in the initial form of hallux valgus. If hallux valgus has developed into stage 2-3, combined surgical manipulations are usually performed.
For a full recovery, proper postoperative rehabilitation is also important. Its duration is individual. However, on average, this period lasts from 4 to 6 weeks. At this time, the patient must keep his leg in a special device – an orthosis. Too large loads are prohibited, but on the contrary, rest should be provided to the leg. Moreover, taking a horizontal position, the patient should try to keep the leg located above the level of the body. For this, special orthopedic pads are used.
In the subsequent period, the patient needs to be massaged. Also, the doctor may recommend gymnastic classes. In addition, it is necessary to approach the choice of shoes with all seriousness – it should be as comfortable as possible.