Hygroma is a benign cyst that occurs on the membranes of the joints. Education in the form of a capsule inside is filled with a serous viscous fluid. Hygroma on the leg most often occurs in people whose joints of the limbs have a significant load. Foot hygroma can appear on the toe, foot, under the knee or on the ankle.
Hygroma on the leg – is it dangerous?
The hygroma does not look aesthetically pleasing, besides, as it grows, it begins to put pressure on the surrounding tissues and nerve endings, causing discomfort and even pain. It is also possible:
- the occurrence of a feeling of numbness;
- limitation of joint mobility;
- accession of infection and suppuration.
In any case, having discovered a hygroma, do not postpone a visit to the doctor!
Treatment of hygroma on the leg
Before prescribing therapy, the doctor recommends undergoing a diagnosis in order to exclude the malignant nature of the formation. For this purpose, an X-ray examination is performed or a puncture is taken.
After making sure that the tumor is benign, the specialist determines the methods of treatment. Among the effective methods of treating foot hygroma without surgery:
2. Puncture, when the contents of the tumor are pumped out through a long needle, and some sclerosing drug, for example, Doxycycline, is injected into the cleaned cavity. To complete the medical procedure, to reduce the risk of recurrence, a steroid injection is given and a sterile pressure bandage is applied.
Surgical intervention for hygroma
Surgical treatment of hygroma on the finger and other parts of the leg is considered the most effective way to eliminate the formation of any size. In addition, the use of this method of therapy is a guarantee of preventing the recurrence of the disease. Surgical intervention is performed under local anesthesia by excision of the capsule. The resulting wound is sutured and a bandage is applied on top. The duration of the operation is up to 30 minutes, and the rehabilitation period can be from 7 to 10 days.
In recent years, more and more patients undergo laser removal of hygroma. With this type of therapy, tumor cells are destroyed by heating with laser beams, while the surrounding tissues remain unchanged. The method is good because the wound heals quickly, after the manipulation there are no scars or scars, and the percentage of relapses is close to zero.