According to the frequency of occurrence of hygroma of the knee joint, it occupies an “honorable” second place after the hygroma of the hand. This ailment is a benign neoplasm that appears from the synovial membrane of a joint or tendon.
Causes of hygroma of the knee joint
More often than not, such an ailment occurs in athletes, teachers and representatives of other professions, who, on duty, spend most of their time on their feet. Despite the fact that mostly adults are affected by it, it does not bypass the hygroma of the knee joint and children.
The main causes of this disease include:
- knee injury;
- constant tension experienced by the knee joint;
- pathological thinning of the joint capsule;
- complications arising against the background of gonarthrosis or other pathological condition of the musculoskeletal system.
Treatment of hygroma of the knee joint
Conventionally, all manipulations aimed at reducing the size of the formation or the complete destruction of the hygroma can be represented as follows:
- surgery for hygroma of the knee joint;
- physiotherapy procedures;
- folk remedies.
If the condition is too neglected, only surgical intervention will help to correct the situation. This radical method minimizes the likelihood of relapses. The surgery itself takes about half an hour and is performed under local anesthesia.
During puncture, an elongated needle inserted into an empty syringe is inserted into the inside of the “bump”, and the liquid accumulated here is pumped out. Then, an anti-inflammatory or other drug that is most effective in this case is injected into the remaining shell. Next, a sterile bandage is applied to the tissue puncture site, and the patient is prescribed a course of antibiotics.
As a rule, with the initial degree of hygroma of the knee joint, treatment is carried out without surgery. Depending on the state of the disease, the doctor may prescribe the patient paraffin or mud applications or electrophoresis.
Folk remedies are used as auxiliary methods for the treatment of hygroma of the knee joint. Alcohol compresses are very effective. They are made from a 60% alcohol solution, into which a piece of gauze is dipped. This compress is applied to the knee affected by hygroma. A layer of cotton wool is applied on top, then polyethylene, and all this is fixed with an elastic or ordinary bandage. Keep such a compress should be the whole night.