The question of how to treat the flux is faced by those who hesitate to visit the dentist, believing that the inflammation will pass by itself. However, this approach to the problem is dangerous, because it can lead to serious consequences. Flux (its scientific name is “periostitis”) is accompanied by special symptoms. If they are recognized in time, treatment can be facilitated.
What is a tooth flux?
Periostitis is an inflammation of the periosteum. Translated from German, fluss is defined as “flow” or “flow”. This is justified, because the dental flux is characterized by the accumulation of infectious fluid in the periodontium. As a result, a seal is formed. Its formation is accompanied by pain and swelling. In 60% of cases, periostitis leads to tooth loss.
Flux is of the following types:
- acute (serous, purulent and diffuse);
- periostitis of milk teeth.
Flux – reasons
Periostitis is provoked by various factors. The most common reasons are considered to be:
- Hygiene rules are not observed or poor-quality oral care is carried out. As a result, pathogenic microorganisms multiply intensively here, which penetrate the gum and provoke its destruction.
- Angina, furunculosis and other ailments, accompanied by an accumulation of pathogenic bacteria, can cause the development of pathology. Such microorganisms provoke inflammation of the periosteum.
- It is observed after scratches and gum injuries.
- There is a flux after the removal of a tooth of an unsuccessful or improper treatment.
- Occurs with inflammation of the gum pocket.
Flux – symptoms
You can recognize periostitis by its characteristic features. Here’s what the flux looks like:
- enlarged lymph nodes;
- pain becomes more intense;
- the gum turns bright red;
- a seal forms at the base of the tooth;
- swollen cheek;
- body temperature increases.
Why is flux dangerous?
Periostitis is considered a very serious pathology. Not only is it difficult in itself, but it also causes dangerous complications. The consequences of flux are:
- Abscess – This is a condition in which pus goes beyond its capsule. The pain may subside for a while and the swelling disappears. However, the inflammatory process continues.
- Phlegmon – purulent damage to the fiber. If the pathology has a superficial form, the subcutaneous layer is affected, with a deep one – intermuscular tissue. With this disease, pain is permanent. In addition, the mobility of the jaw and speech abilities are disturbed, breathing is difficult. Facial asymmetry is observed. The general condition of the patient worsens.
Does the flux go away on its own?
When the first symptoms of periostitis appear, you should immediately contact your dentist. While the patient will find out if the flux passes on its own, serious problems can begin. A wait-and-see attitude is not appropriate here. Although during the period of an abscess it seems that the disease has receded, but in fact it is not. It develops into a more serious problem – phlegmon.
Flux – what to do?
Treatment of periostitis involves the use of one of the following approaches:
- drug therapy (it is effective only at the initial stage of pathology development);
- surgical intervention (performed in this case, when an abscess appears on the surface of the gums).
Flux drug treatment provides for the following:
- antibiotics are prescribed to relieve swelling and inflammation;
- therapy is performed aimed at eliminating the root cause of the development of flux;
- to strengthen the body’s defenses, immunomodulators and vitamins are prescribed.
Here’s how you can’t treat a flux:
- Open the fistula on the gum on your own, as this will lead to the spread of infection.
- Apply warm compresses, because heat increases the inflammatory process. In addition, there is a high probability that complications will arise faster.
- Take alcohol or apply alcohol compresses to the affected area.
How is flux removed?
If medical therapy is ineffective, surgical intervention is recommended. The patient may be overwhelmed with feelings, whether the tooth is removed with flux. In each case, the doctor makes a decision, taking into account the degree of damage to the gums, the condition of the applicant and other factors. The very same surgical intervention aimed at removing the flux is performed in several stages:
- The patient is given a local anesthetic.
- A small incision is made in the area of the flux on the gum.
- The pus is removed and drainage is established.
- The patient is referred for x-rays to properly prescribe follow-up therapy.
- If the tooth can no longer be saved, it is removed, the wound is cleaned and drainage is installed. Antibiotics are prescribed.
- With the advanced form of periostitis, treatment with iontophoresis or laser is prescribed.
After the flux is removed, Aspirin and other blood-thinning drugs should not be taken for the first few days. These medications are dangerous during this period. They can cause bleeding. If 12 hours after the incision made on the gum, the patient does not feel relief, you should immediately consult a doctor. You may need to have another surgery.
Flux – how to treat at home
It is impossible to get rid of periostitis on your own. At the first signs of pathology, it is necessary to seek professional help from a dentist. Only he knows how to treat the flux and can do it right. If you hesitate to visit the doctor, this will lead to serious health problems. However, due to certain reasons, the patient may not be able to immediately contact the dentist. Then he will come to the aid of advice on how to cure the flux at home. All these manipulations do not relieve periostitis, but only slightly alleviate the patient’s condition.
Flux – how to remove a tumor at home?
Time-tested remedies will help to cope with puffiness. If you are concerned about dental flux, you can quickly remove the tumor using the following manipulations:
- Cold exposure. You can take an ice cube or a napkin soaked in cool water and apply it to the cheek where puffiness has appeared. Keep this compress for several minutes. The swelling will gradually go down.
- Applying a lozenge made from natural propolis. You need to take a small piece of this beekeeping product and warm it up in your palms. Propolis will become soft, like plasticine. Then a thin cake is made from it and applied to the gums affected by inflammation. Over time, the swelling will decrease.
- Compress with Iodinol. A cotton pad is moistened with this drug and placed on the inflamed area.
What antibiotics to take with tooth flux?
Treatment with antibacterial drugs should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. When prescribing such solutions or tablets from the flux, the doctor will take into account the following factors:
- stage of development of periostitis;
- patient tolerance to drugs;
- the complexity of the surgical intervention;
- the risk of consequences.
Such antibiotics are most often prescribed for flux:
How to rinse your mouth with a flux?
Such procedures help to alleviate the patient’s condition. However, rinses are not the main treatment, they are only used as adjuvant therapy. If a flux has formed, home treatment can be carried out with the help of such drugs:
- Rotokan – alcohol tincture of calendula, chamomile and yarrow. For a glass of boiled water at room temperature, take 1 teaspoon of the drug. Rinse every 2 hours.
- Chlorhexidine – means with wound healing and anti-inflammatory effect. For rinsing, a 0.5% solution of the drug is used. The procedure should be carried out 3-4 times a day.
- Malavita – a preparation consisting of extracts of medicinal herbs, copper and silver ions. Add 5-6 drops of medication to a glass of water and rinse every hour.
- Furacilina – means with antibacterial action. A tablet of the drug is dissolved in a glass of boiling water and the solution is cooled. You can rinse every hour.
- Betadine – drugs that contain iodine. For 60 ml of water, take 1 teaspoon of a 1% remedy. Rinse your mouth 3-4 times.
Folk remedies for flux
Home “drugs” help to alleviate the patient’s condition, relieve pain and swelling. Such folk remedies can be used:
- solutions and so on.
How to cure flux with lemon balm infusion?
- chopped dry grass – 4 tbsp. spoons;
- water – 500 ml.
- Raw materials are poured with boiling water.
- Insist 4-5 hours and filter.
- Rinse your mouth every half an hour.
How to get rid of flux with wax ointment?
- wax – a piece the size of a walnut;
- chicken egg – 1 pc;
- vegetable oil – 150 ml.
- The egg is hard boiled.
- The wax is melted in butter and mixed well until a homogeneous mixture is obtained.
- Half of the boiled egg is rubbed and mixed with a waxy-oily mass.
- The mixture is kept in a water bath for about 10 minutes, transferred to a glass container and sent to the refrigerator.
- Before applying to the inflamed area, the ointment must be warmed to room temperature.
How to remove the flux tincture of calendula?
- tincture of calendula – 1 teaspoon;
- water – 250 ml.
- Add the tincture to a glass of boiled water cooled to room temperature.
- Rinse with the solution 6-8 times a day.
How to treat flux with herbal medicine?
- St. John’s wort – 4 tbsp. spoons;
- oak bark – 2 tbsp. spoons;
- sage – 3 tbsp. spoons;
- water – 3 l.
- Raw materials are poured with boiling water.
- Insist for half an hour and filter.
- Rinse your mouth with this solution every hour and a half.