The very concept of dentures often scares potential clients of dental clinics, but this is a completely undeserved attitude. Thanks to modern technologies, prosthetics can make a smile flawless, which is given to few by mother nature from birth.
Types of dentures
Before deciding on prosthetics, you need to know what dentures exist, their advantages, disadvantages and features. The main types of popular dentures are:
This type is subdivided into two more, the first, which must be removed before going to bed, and the second, which can be worn for a long time and not removed. The second option has several varieties that should be considered along with the main two.
- Conditionally removable. This option implies the presence of implants implanted into the bone, to which the prosthesis is subsequently attached. Such prostheses can be worn for a long time and not removed, but if such a need arises, then they can be removed without the help of a specialist.
- With beam attachment. This type is distinguished by the presence of a special plate attached to the implants, to which all prostheses are attached, which has a good effect on the distribution of the load on the gums.
- With ball mount. This is an implant on which a spherical mount is installed on which the prosthesis is attached. This option is relatively inexpensive, but one of the main disadvantages is the rapid loosening of the mount. These are dentures without a palate, like other types of dentures with implantation.
- Removable completely. This option does not require implantation, it is not expensive, but it has the main disadvantage – the need to remove it at night.
The most common materials for the manufacture of removable dentures:
- AcryFree. This is a modern option, which is soft and flexible, so the prostheses fit snugly against the gums and do not cause discomfort.
- Nylon dentures. This is a soft material that is designed for long-wearing prostheses. It is not difficult to get used to it, it does not rub the gums, which is important at the stage of getting used to.
- Acrylic. The structure of this material promotes the growth of bacteria, plus the material itself is hard and not everyone can get used to it.
The question of what dentures are needed in the absence of teeth is quite understandable, and the answer to it is given above – these are removable conditionally removable options. As for fixed types, there are four types:
- Veneers. This is an alternative to fillings, but it is used when large parts of the tooth are missing.
- Lumineers. This is an expensive option that is used to correct the shape of the teeth, their size, and simply for cosmetic purposes. Most celebrities with snow-white and flawless smiles have such overlays.
- Tabs. These pads are used when necessary to correct the shape of the tooth.
- Crowns. Nozzles on the teeth, which are installed after their grinding.
The last type of fixed dentures crowns can be made of different materials, the most common of which are:
- Metal. This is a relic of the past and now such unattractive material is almost never used.
- Metal ceramics. It is a ceramic-coated metal that mimics tooth enamel. Such a prosthesis serves for about 15 years.
- Ceramics. This is a modern version of the material, which is both durable and beautiful. True, chewing nuts with these prostheses is not recommended.
- Zirconia. The material is similar to ceramics both externally and in characteristics.
This kind of dentures is a new generation and acts as a tooth root. On implants implanted in the bone under the gum, prostheses are attached or crowns are put on. The fixation of dentures made in the implant version can be different and, based on the method of attachment and other characteristics, the following main types are divided:
- With cement fastening. This option involves fixing the implant and prosthesis by cementing.
- With screw fixation. In this case, the prosthesis is attached to the implant by screwing, which ensures the presence of a thread.
- All-on-4. Four implants are implanted into the jaw, on which a bridge with prostheses is subsequently attached.
- All-on-6. This option is a variation of the previous one, but in this case there are six implants.
- Prosthesis with two-stage implantation. This type is distinguished by a long time interval between the installation of an implant and a prosthesis, which can reach six months.
- Prosthesis with basal implantation. In this option, the crowns are put on immediately after the implant is placed.
Who gets dentures?
It is likely that dentures are put on by those who have partially or completely lost their teeth, who want to correct smile defects, even out the structure, shape and color of their teeth. But, for example, dentures in the absence of teeth will differ from those used for prosthetics if part of the dentition is preserved. In view of this, there are two more options for prostheses:
This option, as the name implies, is used for partial loss of teeth. For example, an upper denture in a situation where there are several teeth is made on the basis of an impression, where the gaps are filled with dentures and gaps are left for them in the place where there are teeth. Such a prosthesis may consist of a gum and teeth in the form of a cast structure or a structure in which the teeth are connected using a special metal arc.
There are complete removable dentures and fixed ones. A complete removable option is a prosthesis that mimics the gums and teeth. This option is popularly called the “false jaw”. If earlier the materials used caused a lot of inconvenience and discomfort during wearing and getting used to, then modern technologies offer many options that are of high quality and easy to use.
How are dentures placed?
The installation of prostheses is based on the design and type. However, the initial stage of prosthetics is carrying out all the necessary manipulations, after which the next stage is the manufacture of dentures. Fitting can be done with implants, crowns or completely removable options such as full or partial dentures.
How to care for dentures?
It is very important to know how to properly care for dentures so that they last a long time and do not cause problems. Basic denture care can be divided into several ways that can be used individually and in combination:
- Flushing. After each meal, you need to thoroughly rinse the prosthesis from its remnants. It is better to do this with boiled water, rinsing your mouth or washing the prosthesis, after removing it.
- Cleaning of dentures. Cleaning is done with a regular toothbrush and a special paste. Once every six months, it is recommended to take the prosthesis to the dental clinic for professional cleaning.
- Treatment with a special solution. Using a special solution, the prosthesis is treated by immersing it in a container filled with a solution.
- Storage. If many people used to associate dentures with “teeth” placed in a glass of water, then modern materials are well stored outside the liquid and dentures can be stored anywhere, previously wrapped in a napkin or a piece of cloth.
Cream for fixing dentures
When choosing a good and reliable cream for dentures, you need to know about its varieties and the recommendations of dentists. It is not always possible to accurately fit the design to the gum and in such cases it may be necessary to use additional creams for fixation. We present the most effective and popular options in the form of a rating based on the feedback of those who use them.
- Rocks. This cream gives a 100% guarantee of fixation for 12 hours. Producers: Russia and Switzerland.
- Lacalut. This is a German cream of high quality and effectiveness, promising action throughout the day.
- Protefix. When using this cream, you can not worry about the reliability of fixation for 10-12 hours.
- Fittident. One of the best remedies, but for those who have sensitive mucous membranes, it is better to choose another option.
- The president. A good cream, but when exposed to hot temperatures, the fixation weakens.
- Korega. The most popular cream, but with a lot of disadvantages: it is quickly washed out, holds the prosthesis for only about three hours, getting into the stomach causes discomfort, and can lead to swelling of the oral mucosa.
What are the best dentures?
When wondering which dentures are better to put in, you can often hear the answer that it all depends on financial capabilities. Modern prosthetics offers many options, but, unfortunately, some of them are beyond the reach of the average person. We offer the best dentures for cases of complete and partial absence of teeth, which are recommended by experts.