There are two types of blood vessels in the human body: arteries, through which blood from the heart enters the internal organs and skin, and veins, through which blood returns to the heart muscle. For various reasons, the blood begins to move poorly through the veins, stagnation leads to the fact that the veins swell and begin to hurt, bluish “jellyfish” – dilated capillary networks – become visible under the skin. This condition is called varicose veins.
Causes of varicose veins
The main cause of varicose veins in the legs, according to doctors, is heredity. Along the ancestral line, regardless of gender, weakness and inelasticity of the walls of blood vessels are transmitted. Another factor is that weak or deformed heart valves can also lead to varicose veins. The presence of both genetic factors is often the cause of varicose veins on the legs, even in very young women. But the predisposition to the disease does not mean that the disease will necessarily manifest itself. In order for varicose veins to develop, in addition to heredity, certain external causes must affect the body.
Common causes of varicose veins are:
- excessive load on the legs when walking and while standing;
- sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work;
- alcohol abuse and smoking;
- injuries of the lower extremities;
- improper, unbalanced diet;
- constant wearing of shoes with high heels and tight shoes;
- chronic constipation;
- excessive body weight.
Attention! Pregnancy often becomes a factor leading to the development of varicose veins. The enlarged uterus presses on the veins passing through the small pelvis, leading to stagnation of blood.
Psychological causes of varicose veins
Psychologists L. Burbo, B. Boginsky and Sh. Shalila put forward a hypothesis about the psychological nature of the disease. They believe that varicose veins are the result of dissatisfaction with their lives, when a person is forced to do an unloved job, an uninteresting business for him. Because of the negative, there is sluggishness, lethargy, apathy. It is against this background that the symptoms of varicose veins develop.
Through illness, the body tries to convey to consciousness that it is necessary to change the way of life and attitude to work, allow yourself to relax, listen to your desires. It is the acquisition of inner freedom that can become a condition for overcoming varicose veins.