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Candidiasis of the oral cavity - causes and treatment of thrush in the mouth

The normal microflora of the mucous membranes contains yeast-like fungi. Some types of these microorganisms can cause thrush or candidiasis. This disease rarely develops on its own, more often it is a consequence of other, more serious disorders in the body.

Candidiasis of the oral cavity – causes

The simplest explanation for the occurrence of the pathology in question is infection. Thrush in the oral cavity is transmitted through direct physical contact with the carrier of the infection, the use of common utensils, hygiene and household items. You can also get infected from animals, including vaccinated pets. Often, without external infection, thrush appears in the mouth – the reasons for the reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida:

  • weakening of the immune system;
  • taking certain drugs, mainly antibiotics;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • radiation therapy;
  • insufficient hygienic care of the oral cavity;
  • use of hormonal contraceptives;
  • bad habits;
  • wearing dentures and other orthodontic structures;
  • injuries on the mucous membranes;
  • intestinal dysbacteriosis;
  • severe chronic somatic diseases;
  • chemotherapy.

Candidiasis of the oral cavity – symptoms

The signs increase with the progression of the pathology, but they are easy to diagnose due to the specific clinical picture at the very beginning of the disease. Without treatment, it can become chronic. Thrush in the mouth in adults – symptoms:

  • redness of the mucous membranes;
  • puffiness;
  • itching and burning;
  • feeling of dryness in the mouth;
  • discomfort when eating food and drinks, especially irritating (hot, sour, spicy);
  • difficulty in swallowing (lump in the throat);
  • irritation in the oral cavity;
  • bleeding gums;
  • cracks in the corners of the lips;
  • rarely – an increase in body temperature.

What does thrush look like in the mouth?

The described disease is difficult to confuse with other lesions of the mucous membranes. Oral candidiasis begins with the formation of small white grains (pseudomycelium) on the inner surface of the cheeks. Their number and size are rapidly increasing, and plaque spreads to other areas (tongue, gums, tonsils). Thrush in the mouth – visual symptoms:

  • white curdled mass on the mucous membranes;
  • the formation of painful ulcers under pseudomycelium;
  • light flakes and scales on the lips;
  • “coated tongue.

Thrush in the mouth treatment

Thrush in the mouth – treatment

Therapy involves finding out the reasons for the reproduction of fungal colonies, their mandatory elimination. Additionally, the symptoms that provoke thrush in the mouth in adults are stopped – treatment includes:

  • taking antifungal medications;
  • local treatment of the oral cavity;
  • the use of phytochemicals;
  • diet compliance.

Medicines for oral candidiasis

Conservative therapy consists of taking antimycotics that destroy the fungus, and restorative medicines. The right way to cure thrush in the mouth should be developed by a specialist, taking into account the cause of the problem, it is dangerous to prescribe pharmacological agents on your own. Effective antimycotics:

  • Levorin;
  • Econazole;
  • Nystatin;
  • Miconazole;
  • Amphoglucamine;
  • Diflucan;
  • Nizoral;
  • Fluconazole;
  • decamine caramel;
  • Clotrimazole and analogues.

How to treat thrush in the mouth for auxiliary and restorative therapy:

  • vitamins of group B, PP and C;
  • Conferon, Ferroplex;
  • calcium gluconate;
  • Suprastin, Fenkarol.

How to rinse your mouth with candidiasis of the oral cavity?

For a successful fight against fungi, it is important to regularly sanitize the mucous membranes. Effective methods for treating oral candidiasis include daily rinsing with disinfectant solutions. Recommended remedies:

  • boric acid (2%);
  • Iodinol;
  • sodium tetraborate (2%);
  • Asepta.

A pronounced effect on progressive oral candidiasis is produced by subsequent treatment with antiseptics:

  • levorin and nystatin ointment;
  • Iodicyrin;
  • Lugol’s solution;
  • brilliant green and others.

Candidiasis of the oral cavity – treatment with folk remedies

Many plants have antifungal properties, so doctors even recommend herbal medicine for thrush. It will not completely eliminate oral candidiasis, it is important to combine treatment with natural recipes with pharmacological preparations. Phytotherapy can quickly alleviate the symptoms of the disease, reduce its severity, and prevent the transition of the disease into a chronic form.

Mouthwash remedy for rinsing

Ingredients:

  • baking soda – 1 tbsp. a spoon;
  • table or sea salt – 0.5 tsp;
  • warm water – 1 glass.

Preparation, application

  1. Dissolve baking soda and salt in water.
  2. Rinse your mouth.
  3. Repeat 4-5 times a day.


herbal remedy for candidiasis

Ingredients:

  • chamomile flowers – 1 teaspoon;
  • calendula marigolds – 1 teaspoon;
  • water – 300 ml.

Preparation, application

  1. Pour the vegetable base with boiling water.
  2. Boil the herbs for 10 minutes over low heat.
  3. Strain the solution.
  4. Take a mouthful of warm broth, hold for 1 minute.
  5. Repeat 2-3 times.
  6. Perform the procedure three times a day.


Drink for oral candidiasis

Ingredients:

  • raw garlic – 2-3 cloves;
  • milk whey (strained) – 1 cup.

Preparation, application

  1. Chop the garlic.
  2. Mix it with whey.
  3. Drink at lunchtime and in the evening, 30 minutes before meals.

Diet for oral candidiasis

The described family of fungi reproduces more actively when certain substances enter the body. To cure candidiasis of the tongue, oral cavity, it is advisable to give up certain foods and drinks:

  • yeast baking;
  • sweets, sugar and its substitutes;
  • coffee;
  • fatty foods;
  • dried fruits;
  • alcohol;
  • butter and vegetable oil (very limited);
  • spicy, spicy foods;
  • sauces;
  • conservation;
  • mushrooms;
  • moldy cheeses;
  • cereal crops;
  • sweet fruits, vegetables and pumpkins;
  • Black tea;
  • dairy;
  • kvass;
  • beans, including peanuts.

What to eat with candidiasis in the oral cavity:

  • unsweetened yogurt;
  • lean meat, fish;
  • eggs;
  • vegetables;
  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • nuts other than pistachios;
  • compotes, fruit drinks without sugar;
  • herbal teas;
  • rosehip decoction.

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