Regular brushing of teeth is a very important hygiene procedure that helps prevent the occurrence of caries that destroys tooth enamel and leads to tooth loss. To prevent gum disease and teeth, it is recommended to brush your teeth in the morning and in the evening.
Why brush your teeth?
Oral hygiene is a prerequisite for maintaining a healthy microflora, which prevents the occurrence of various diseases. To understand the significance of this procedure, you should take a closer look at what brushing your teeth gives:
- Fresh breath. With the help of this hygienic procedure, we get rid of the remnants of food that rots and decomposes if it is not removed in time.
- Prevention of caries. The increased acid balance in the oral cavity destroys the enamel and leads to the development of caries.
- Flying fight. Plaque is dangerous to dentin because it destroys it, which is why regular dental care is so important.
- Enamel restoration. Regular brushing of teeth reduces the concentration of acids in the mouth, which adversely affect tooth enamel.
- gum massage. The gums, as well as the teeth, are prone to diseases, so it is very important to massage them, improving blood circulation and lymph outflow.
- Stimulation of vital points. There are many biologically active points on the jaw that are responsible for the health of internal organs, so their stimulation is the key to the health of the whole organism.
- Prevention of throat diseases. The causative agents of such ailments are pathogenic microbes and bacteria that are in the oral cavity.
- Savings on a visit to the dentist and other doctors of related specializations.
Hygienic teeth cleaning
Dental and oral hygiene can be carried out both by professionals, using special tools and devices, and at home. To date, you can buy everything you need for brushing your teeth: brushes, pastes, threads, irrigators, rinses, brushes. All this ensures proper and effective care of the teeth and the oral cavity as a whole.
How to brush your teeth?
It would seem that brushing your teeth with a toothbrush is easy, but, as statistics show, not everyone knows the rules for caring for teeth and gums, as well as the most common mistakes during this procedure. First, let’s look at the rules by which teeth are brushed:
- A small amount of paste is applied to the brush, because an excess of foam will only interfere with high-quality cleaning.
- The brush is brought at an angle of 45 degrees.
- You need to move the brush with a movement from the gums, as if sweeping away food debris and plaque. Produces movements from the extreme teeth to the front.
- Chewing surfaces can be cleaned with horizontal movements.
- After brushing your teeth, we move on to cleansing the tongue, on which the lion’s share of microbes and bacteria settles.
- The next step is to massage the gums. To do this, we close the teeth and in a circular motion, not very pressing, massage the gums.
- We clean the gaps between the teeth with dental floss.
- Rinse thoroughly with mouthwash for half a minute.
How many times a day do you brush your teeth?
Considering the question of how many times to brush your teeth and how long this procedure should last, you should focus on the obligatory cleaning twice – in the morning and before bedtime.
- You should also clean your mouth after meals. For those who have healthy teeth, chewing gum is suitable (chew no more than 5-7 minutes), in other cases, a special rinse will help well.
- The duration of brushing your teeth is recommended within three minutes.
- It is advisable to have your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year in the dental office.
What paste to brush your teeth with?
Pastes are divided into hygienically and those used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. In the absence of problems with the teeth, you can limit yourself to hygienic paste. If the teeth are not healthy, then you will have to choose the paste that is suitable in a particular case. To do this right, it is worth taking advice on what is the best toothpaste, according to dentists, depending on dental health problems. Be sure to look at the labeling of pastes.
- With periodontal disease, you need to choose a paste marked Parodont.
- Paste with calcium and fluorine is suitable for enamel regeneration and protection against caries.
- If the tooth enamel is very sensitive, then a product with a Sensitive marker will do.
- To strengthen the gums, dentists suggest choosing a paste marked Fito, with an extract of medicinal herbs and plants.
- Pastes with antiseptics are suitable for effective and long-term protection against bacteria and germs.
- The best toothpaste for restoring the oral mucosa – with vitamins and carotene.
The best toothbrush
In order to decide on the choice of a toothbrush, you need to understand their varieties and purposes, in accordance with the functionality.
- Mechanical. This toothbrush is known to all. When choosing it, pay attention to the stiffness of the bristles (more often it is an average degree). At the expense of rubber gaskets, the opinions of doctors were divided. Someone considers them useful, and someone – a tribute to fashion.
- Electric. This option is at the peak of popularity due to its ability to thoroughly clean without much effort and the ability to soften plaque. Cleaning teeth from tartar is also recommended using this type of brush.
- Ultrasonic. These are expensive brushes, but they are worth it, because they help not only cleanse the oral cavity, but also improve the gums and teeth.
- For braces. Such a brush has a certain shape, which allows you to get into all hard-to-reach places. They are not commercially available, but such a brush can always be ordered in specialized stores.
Irrigator for cleaning teeth
A modern device for cleaning teeth, an irrigator, although it costs a lot of money, is very effective and recommended for use. This device consists of various nozzles, a hydraulic pump and a tank for liquid. To understand the functionality and advantages of the irrigator, you should consider its main characteristics.
- Brushing your teeth with an irrigator helps to treat hard-to-reach places, up to the space under crowns, dentures and other structures.
- The jet of the irrigator favorably affects the condition of the gums, massaging them.
- Any liquid (for example, decoctions of herbs or antiseptics) can be poured into the tank of the device, which adds anti-inflammatory and antiseptic to its functions.
Using the device is very simple:
- Pour the liquid into the tank.
- We put on the nozzle and bend over the sink.
- We put the nozzle at an angle of 60 to 90 degrees and turn on the device.
- The duration of the procedure is from five minutes to a quarter of an hour.
Brushes for cleaning teeth
The question of whether it is necessary to brush your teeth and how to do it correctly in the presence of braces or bridges is relevant. Such designs do not allow to do this qualitatively with a brush, so special devices were created – brushes. Also, these types of hygienic devices for dental care will help to remove food debris between the teeth and clean the tooth enamel from tea and coffee plaque.
Here’s how to use brushes:
- We bring the brush to the gap that needs to be cleaned at a right angle.
- Carefully drive the brush and clean the gap by moving back and forth.
- Do such manipulations with all the intervals. If the brush is too tight, then a smaller diameter brush should be used.
How to floss your teeth?
Oral hygiene must be effective, so flossing (dental flossing) is recommended. Flossing your teeth helps remove food debris from between your teeth, avoiding decay and the risk of cavities. To do this is simple:
- The thread is wound around the fingers so that there is a gap of about 3 cm.
- Gently introduce it into the interdental space.
- Remove plaque by moving the floss up and down and around the teeth.
Professional teeth cleaning
No matter how carefully we take care of our teeth, professional oral hygiene is recommended twice a year, carried out in dental offices. It can be laser or ultrasonic cleaning, which is considered very effective. In order to be able to decide on the procedure, you should consider the most popular ones.
Oral hygiene in dentistry
Professional teeth cleaning at the dentist will help you get rid of plaque and tartar in one procedure, polish your teeth and fluoridate them. They do this with:
- special manipulations aimed at getting rid of tartar;
- fluoridation of teeth using a polishing machine and a special fluoride-containing paste;
- special caps for the oral cavity with fruit fillers;
- chemical teeth whitening.
Ultrasonic teeth cleaning
Professional teeth cleaning with ultrasound is performed using a special ultrasonic laser. If we compare this procedure with chemical or mechanical cleaning options, then its main advantage is absolute safety. This cleaning is recommended to be done 1-2 times a year. Three main advantages of ultrasonic cleaning:
- Aesthetics. A smile looks attractive thanks to well-groomed and healthy teeth.
- Health. Oral health directly depends on preventive and hygienic measures.
- Efficiency in treatment. Such cleaning is recommended before the start of dental treatment, which will be more effective if the oral cavity is professionally cleaned of microbes, and the teeth of stones and plaque.
This procedure has a number of contraindications:
- bronchial asthma, SARS, arrhythmia;
- the presence of orthopedic structures and implants;
- the period of bite change (in childhood and adolescence);
- first trimester of pregnancy;
- the presence of tuberculosis, hepatitis and HIV.
Air Flow Teeth Cleaning
Modern methods of brushing teeth are very diverse, but everyone is now hearing the popular Air Flow procedure. This procedure is carried out using a special sandblasting machine that cleans the teeth from tartar, plaque and bacteria. The composition of the mixture for cleansing includes water and an abrasive material that does not damage the gums and tooth enamel.
Advantages of the procedure:
- painless when cleaning and polishing teeth.
- Effect Duration thanks to the application of a special varnish after the procedure.
- Natural shadeas this is not a whitening, but a cleansing procedure.
Contraindications for Air Flow:
- asthma and bronchitis;
- adherence to a salt-free diet;
- periodontal disease (before carrying out it is better to get professional advice);
- children’s age (up to a year).
Laser teeth cleaning
Effective cleaning of teeth from tartar and plaque with a laser has many advantages. This option is painless, effective and safe. It is recommended to absolutely everyone and even to those who do not have any problems. Indications for laser cleaning:
- inflammation and bleeding of the gums;
- systematic smoking;
- preparation for whitening procedures;
- the appearance of bad breath;
- plaque and tartar;
- abuse of coffee and tea;
- preparation for the treatment of many diseases of the oral cavity.
- HB and pregnancy;
- the presence of endoprostheses;
- many filled and extended teeth;
- age up to 18 years;